Children Rights In India – What are the rights of the children in India? –
- The man whose age is 21 years and the woman whose age is below 18 is kept in the category of child.
1.Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006
- Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006 in India was implemented from November 1, 2007.
- UNICEF has defined the marriage of girls before the age of 18 years as a child marriage and for boys this age is 21 years and its violation is considered as the violation of human rights.
- The government of India passed The Child Marriage Act 2006 to prevent the child marriages in India.
- Child Marriage Restraint Act, 2006 was brought in place of Child Marriage Restriction Act -1929.
2.Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
- The most controversial legislation related to children’s right in India is “Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.
- This Act has clearly mentioned that how children can work and where they can’t work?
3.Right to Education
- Article 21-A has been included as a fundamental right in the Indian Constitution by the 68th Constitution Amendment Act, 2002, in which provision has been made to provide free and compulsory education to all children under the age group of 6-14 years.
- This law compels all the government aided\private schools in India to provide 25% seats to the children of economically backward sections of the societies
- According to UNICEF, any person under the age of 18 is recruited, transported, transferred or sheltered for the purpose of exploitation within or outside the country, then it falls under the crime of child trafficking.
5.The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act) 2012
- There are 53% of children in India face child sexual abuse in some form.
- Therefore, in India this act has been implemented for both male and female.
- This law prohibits the display of pornography in front of the children and any kind of involvement of the children in pornographic content and even storage of pornography related to children is also an offence.
- This act makes child sexual abuse a punishable offence.
6. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015
- The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2015 has been passed by the Rajya Sabha.
- It was introduced in Parliament in 2014 after public outrage because one of the offenders in the 2012 gang rape case was a few months short of 18 years of age.
- The bill had already been passed by the Lok Sabha.now the age of a Juvenile is reduced to 16 years.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) defines Child Rights as the minimum entitlements and freedoms that should be afforded to every citizen below the age of 18 regardless of race, national origin, colour, gender, language, religion, opinions, origin, wealth, birth status, disability, or other characteristics.
Right to Survival:
- Right to be born
- Right to minimum standards of food, shelter and clothing
- Right to live with dignity
- Right to health care, to safe drinking water, nutritious food, a clean and safe environment, and information to help them stay healthy
Right to Protection:
- Right to be protected from all sorts of violence
- Right to be protected from neglect
- Right to be protected from physical and sexual abuse
- Right to be protected from dangerous drugs
Right to Participation:
- Right to freedom of opinion
- Right to freedom of expression
- Right to freedom of association
- Right to information
- Right to participate in any decision making that involves him/her directly or indirectly
Right to Development:
- Right to education
- Right to learn
- Right to relax and play
- Right to all forms of development – emotional, mental and physical
Children Rights In India – What are the rights of the children in India?