Chumbi Valley- How it is associated with India, Bhutan & China

The valley is at an altitude of 3,000 metres (9,500 feet) and was at the forefront of the British military expedition of 1904 into Tibet. It was occupied by the British for nine months after the hostilities to secure Tibetan payment of indemnity.

  • The valley blooms in spring. It enjoys a temperate climate.
  • Chumbi valley in Tibet at the intersection of India (Sikkim), Bhutan and China (Tibet) in the Himalayas. It is very narrow. China stationed its military in this area is seen as tense zone. The valley is named after plant Pedicularis chumbica which grows there. Formed by the passage of the Amo (Torsa) River. Two main passes between India and China open up here:
  • a) Nathu La Pass Nathu La pass that connects Tibet with Sikkim.
  • b) Jelep La Pass – between India(sikkim) & Tibet. The Menmecho Lake lies below the Jelep La Pass.
  • India trains the Bhutanese army through the Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT), in Bhutan.

Chumbi Valley- How it is associated with India, Bhutan & China

Why China is interested in Chumbi Valley?

  • 1. China gains proximity to India’s North-East and Siliguri Corridor, which connects North-Eastern states to India and Nepal to Bhutan.
  • 2. China gets closer to Bangladesh
  • 3. China gets a better hold over Tibet, thus weakening any potential cards which India would want to play at a later stage.

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