Coastal Regulation Zone Notes pdf – CRZ Notes pdf -Latest Updates  – Environment Minister launches Web Portal for obtaining CRZ Clearances -Hello Friends Welcome to studydhaba.com

  • The web portal is for obtaining Coastal Regulation Zone clearances
  • The Portal is a web-based system for obtaining clearances required from the Ministry under the “Coastal Regulation Zone” (CRZ) by the Project proponents
  • The Portal is a very user-friendly initiative, which enables submission of applications for CRZ clearance in a single-window interface and facilitates quick flow of information related to CRZ clearances
  • The objectives of the web portal include – enhancing efficiency, transparency and accountability in the process of CRZ clearances; enhance responsiveness through workflows and availability of real-time information on the status of CRZ clearance proposals; ease of business and convenience of citizens in accessing information and services; standardised procedures and processes across Central and State levels
  • The system will enable the Project proponents and the concerned State/Union Territory and Municipal/Town Planning agencies in tracking the status of their proposals

Coastal Regulation Zone Notes pdf – CRZ Notes pdf -Latest Updates

Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) committee report

  • The committee was headed by Shailesh Nayak (Former Secretary of the Earth Sciences Ministry).
  • It was commissioned in June 2014.
  • It was commissioned after states expressed dissatisfaction regarding the limitations set by the CRZ notification of 2011.
  • The report was submitted in January 2015.

Recommendations

  1. The committee recommended several relaxations in the terms set by the 2011 notification.
  2. The recommendations have been put forth with the objective of giving a boost to tourism, port construction and real estate.
  3. It endorsed the dilution of regulatory powers held by the central government in coastal areas.
  4. The committee has suggested that the central government’s role in coastal areas be limited to environmental clearances and regulating environmentally-sensitive areas.
  5. Construction, except those requiring environmental clearances, should fall under the ambit of the state and local planning bodies instead of being regulated by centre.
  6. Urban planning rules prepared by local authorities be prioritized for slum development and rehabilitation instead of the 2011 regulations.
  7. For rural areas with a population density of over 2,161 persons/sq km, the “no-development buffer zone” be limited to 50m from the High Tide Line (HTL).
  8. For other areas, the buffer has been recommended at 200m from the HTL.
  9. Allowing reclamation of lands for specific infrastructure such as ports, bridges and fisheries-related structures for the “larger public interest”.

Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 1991

  • Issued by MoEF under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • Mandate: Take measures to protect and conserve our coastal environment.
  • Uniform regulations for the entire Indian coastline without taking into account the diversity in terms of biodiversity, demographic patterns, natural resources, etc.
  • 1991 Notification laid no clear procedure for obtaining CRZ clearance.
  • Post clearance monitoring and enforcement mechanism was not laid out.
  • Measures/rules to check pollution emanating from land based activities were not included.
  • Caused hardships to traditional communities living in ecologically sensitive coastal stretches (fishermen, slum dwellers, etc.).

Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 2011

  • Again Government of India Issue new notification in 2011 with some Amendments .
  •  Many amendments were made to CRZ notification 1991 and all these amendments were consolidated in the CRZ Notification 2011.
  • The 2011 Notification takes into account and address all the above mentioned issues.

Objective of CRZ

  • To conserve and protect coastal stretches;
  • To ensure livelihood security to the fishing & local communities living in the coastal areas;
  • To promote development in a sustainable manner based on scientific principles, taking into account natural hazards and sea level rise.

Coastal Regulation Zone Notes pdf – CRZ Notes pdf -Latest Updates

Classification of coastal zones under CRZ Notification 2011 

  1. CRZ-I (ecologically sensitive areas likes mangroves, coral reefs, biosphere reserves etc.),
  2. CRZ-II (built-up area – villages and towns are that are already well established),
  3. CRZ-III (Rural and urban areas that are not substantially developed), and
  4. CRZ-IV (water areas up to the territorial waters and the tidal influenced water bodies).
  5. A separate draft Island Protection Zone Notification has been issued for protection of the islands of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Zones Details 

CRZ-I category

Ecologically sensitive areas and the geomorphological features that play a primary role in maintaining the integrity of the coast.

  • Mangroves, Corals and coral reefs;
  • Sand Dunes, Mudflats which are biologically active;
  • National parks and other protected areas including Biosphere Reserves encompassing;
    Salt Marshes;
  • Turtle nesting grounds;
  • Horse shoe crabs habitats;
  • Sea grass beds;
  • Nesting grounds of birds;

Areas or structures of archaeological importance and heritage sites;

The area between Low Tide Line and High Tide Line.

CRZ-II category

 No new construction shall be permitted in CRZ-I except

  • Projects relating to the Department of Atomic Energy;
  • Construction of trans-harbor sea link and roads without affecting the tidal flow of water, between LTL and HTL. Etc.

Between Low Tide Line and High Tide Line in areas which are not ecologically sensitive, the following may be permitted;

  • Exploration and extraction of natural gas;
  • Construction of basic amenities like schools, roads, etc. for traditional inhabitants living within the biosphere reserves;
  • Salt harvesting by solar evaporation of seawater;
  • Desalination plants;
  • Storage of non-hazardous cargo such as edible oil, fertilizers within notified ports;

Areas which are developed upto to the shoreline and falling within municipal limits.

Activities permissible in CRZ-II

  • Buildings are permissible on the landward side of the hazardous line.
  • Other activities such as desalination plants are also permissible.
  • Some construction is permitted only as per guidelines specified by the notification.

CRZ-III category

 

Areas that are relatively undisturbed and do not fall under either in Category I or II and also include rural and urban areas that are not substantially developed.

  • Between 0-200 metres from HTL is a No Development Zone where no construction shall be permitted.
  • Only certain activities relating to agriculture, forestry, projects of Department of Atomic Energy, mining of rare minerals, salt manufacture, regasification of petroleum products, non-conventional energy sources and certain public facilities may be permitted in this zone.
  • Between 200-500 metres of HTL, those permitted in 0-200 metres zone, construction of houses for local communities and tourism projects are permissible.

CRZ-IV category

 The aquatic area from low tide line upto territorial limits is classified as CRZ-IV including the area of the tidal influenced water body.

Activities permissible in CRZ-IV

  • There is no restriction on the traditional fishing undertaken by local communities.
  • No untreated sewage or solid waste shall be let off or dumped in these areas.

Coastal Regulation Zone Notes pdf – CRZ Notes pdf -Latest Updates

Measures to Combat Pollution under CRZ 2011

  • The existing practice of discharging untreated waste and effluents is phased out within a period not exceeding two years.
  • Dumping of solid waste is phased out within one year from the commencement of the Notification.
    An Action Plan is to prepared for dealing with pollution in coastal areas and waters and in a time bound manner.
  • The Action Plan is submitted to MoEF who would provide technical and financial assistance.
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