Defence current affairs 2017 pdf for UPSC,IAS,SSC,CAPF- 150 pages
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Several Chinese firms are gearing up to participate in bids invited by Central and State sector utilities for transmission. A bid by Chinese state-owned companies to enter India‘s power transmission sector has raised national security concerns in Indian power gear circles.
After entering the consumer goods and power generation equipment market in India, Chinese firms are now eyeing the nascent transmission sector where multi-billion dollar contracts are up for grabs. Several Chinese firms are gearing up to participate in bids invited by Central sector and State sector utilities for establishment, operation and maintenance of transmission lines for periods ranging from 25 to 35 years. Local power gear makers‘ lobby group- the Indian Electrical Equipment Manufacturers Association (IEEMA), has raised a red flag over the issue. IEEMA has cautioned against the associated risks if Chinese firms are allowed to bid and operate transmission projects in India.
Chinese control over transmission projects a national threat?
- IEEMA is seeking a ban on Chinese equipment in transmission, equating grid security to national security. The electricity transmission is a critical infrastructure for the economy and has significant bearing on the national security. According to IEEMA, hacked networks could bring down military establishments and hit railways, hospitals and operations in the oil sector.
- The outage of one transmission element can have a cascading impact and can lead to a grid blackout situation, putting the military establishment, internal law and security and hospitals at a great risk. It is very important to safeguard the transmission system operation from grid stability, grid security as well as data security perspective.
- Chinese companies and firms with Chinese links are barred from bidding for Indian ports and they are not allowed dredging contracts due to the sour political relations between the two countries. Industry experts say that India should be careful while allowing foreign companies, particularly Chinese firms to participate in the transmission business.
Enemy Property Bill passed amid Opposition walkout
Why in news?
A Bill was brought in to ensure that Government of India has the right over assets of citizens of enemy countries and not the heirs.
The Rajya Sabha passed the The Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Bill, 2016. The 49 -year-old Enemy Property Act, 1968 was amended to guard against claims of succession or transfer of properties left by people who migrated to Pakistan and China.
Passage of the Bill:
The measure was first passed by the Lok Sabha in 2016. After this, the Rajya Sabha had sent it to a select committee. Following the committee’s recommendations, the government had moved a number of amendments to it. The amended Bill is now passed by the Rajya Sabha. The amended Bill will now be sent to the Lok Sabha for final passage.
Why the urgency to pass the Bill now?
Before the passing, many ordinances were passed to keep the Bill alive, following fierce objections by the Opposition parties.
The urgency to get the Bill passed was shows as the ordinance effecting the amendments in the Act would lapse on March 14. This was treated as a security issue also. It was also based on principle that the government should not allow commercial interests or properties of an enemy country or its citizens. The right of the enemy property should vest in the government of India and not in the heirs of the citizens of the enemy countries.
India, Oman to hold counter-terror exercises THE NEWS
The armies of India and Oman are scheduled to conduct their second bilateral exercise, Al Nagah-II 2017. The exercise will be conducted with a focus on counter-terrorism.
Al Nagah-II 2017
- The forthcoming exercise would be held in the Dhauladhar Ranges at Bakloh in Himachal Pradesh. The vast experience and expertise gained by the Indian troops through counter- insurgency operations hold a special importance to the Oman Army. Sixty troops from the two sides will participate and the 14-day exercise will be conducted in modules. In preparation for the exercise, the Indian team has undergone extensive training in rock climbing and slithering and counter -terrorism or low-intensity conflict operations, in addition to tactical drills and house intervention drills.
- To build and promote bilateral Army-to-Army relations. To exchange skills and experiences between the Indian Army and the Royal Army of Oman To enhance knowledge of each other‘s military procedures qualitatively, thus increasing the scope for ―interoperability and better responsiveness to a common threat.
Other areas of cooperation
- India has been deepening its defence cooperation with the region. India and Oman already have extensive cooperation in the maritime domain. The navies of the two countries have been holding the bilateral maritime exercises called ̳Naseem Al Bahr‘ since 1993. The Indian Navy has been cooperating with its UAE and Oman counterparts in training, operational interactions and exchange of white shipping information with the help of a joint cooperation committee.
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