Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation

Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation is a 100% subsidiary of Reserve Bank of India. It was established on July 15, 1978 under Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act, 1961 for the purpose of providing insurance of deposits and guaranteeing of credit facilities.

It insures all bank deposits, such as saving, fixed, current, recurring deposits for up to the limit of Rs. 100,000 of each deposits in a bank.

Banks which are insured by DICGC:

To Download This File Click On The Download- Download Now 
  • Commercial Banks: All commercial banks including branches of foreign banks functioning in India, local area banks and regional rural banks are insured by the DICGC.
  • Cooperative Banks: All State, Central and Primary cooperative banks, also called urban cooperative banks, functioning in States / Union Territories which have amended the local Cooperative Societies Act empowering the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to order the Registrar of Cooperative Societies of the State / Union Territory to wind up a cooperative bank or to supersede its committee of management and requiring the Registrar not to take any action regarding winding up, amalgamation or reconstruction of a co-operative bank without prior sanction in writing from the Reserve Bank are covered under the Deposit Insurance System.
  • At present all co-operative banks other than those from the States of Meghalaya, and the Union Territories of Chandigarh, Lakshadweep and Dadra and Nagar Haveli are covered under the deposit insurance system of DICGC.

What Does the DICGC insure ?

In the event of a bank failure, DICGC protects bank deposits that are payable in India. The DICGC insures all deposits such as savings, fixed, current, recurring, etc. except the following types of deposits.

(i)  Deposits of foreign Governments;

(ii) Deposits of Central/State Governments;

(iii)Inter-bank deposits;

(iv) Deposits of the State Land Development Banks with the State co-operative bank;

(v) Any amount due on account of any deposit received outside India

(vi) Any amount, which has been specifically exempted by the corporation with the previous approval of Reserve Bank of India.

Maximum deposit amount insured by the DICGC:

  • Each depositor in a bank is insured upto a maximum of Rs.1,00,000 (Rupees One Lakh) for both principal and interest amount held by him in the same capacity.

Does the DICGC insure just the principal on an account or both principal and accrued interest?

  • The DICGC insures principal and interest upto a maximum amount of Rs. One lakh.

For example, if an individual had an account with a principal amount of Rs.95,000 plus accrued interest of Rs.4,000, the total amount insured by the DICGC would be Rs.99,000. If, however, the principal amount in that account was Rs. One lakh, the accrued interest would not be insured, not because it was interest but because that was the amount over the insurance limit.

Are deposits in different banks separately insured?

Download Free Study Material
  • Yes. If you have deposits with more than one bank, deposit insurance coverage limit is applied separately to the deposits in each bank.

Can the bank deduct the amount of dues payable by the depositor?

  • Yes. Banks have the right to set off their dues from the amount of deposits. The deposit insurance is available after netting of such dues.

Can any insured bank withdraw from the  DICGC coverage?

  • No. The deposit insurance scheme is compulsory and no bank can withdraw from it.

Can the bank deduct the amount of dues payable by the depositor?

  • Yes. Banks have the right to set off their dues from the amount of deposits. The deposit insurance is available after netting of such dues.

Who pays the cost of deposit insurance?

  • Deposit insurance premium is borne entirely by the insured bank.