Directive Principle of state Policy – Indian Constitution

Directive Principle of state Policy

Directive Principle of state Policy

Directive Principle of state Policy

Directive Principle of state Policy – Part IV

  • Article 36 to 51 deal with the provisions of the directive principles which are contained in part -IV of Indian constitution
  • this part of indian constitution has been adopted from Ireland constitution.
  • The directive principles are the unique combination Socialism,Gandhism,western Liberalism and ideals of the indian freedom Movement.
  • They are in form of direction or instructions to state.

Articles from 36 to 51 -DPSP

  • Article -36- Definition
  • Article-37-Application of the principles contained in this part
  • Article-38- State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
  • Article -39- Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.
  • article -39A. Equal justice and free legal aid
  • Article-40. Organisation of village panchayats.
  • Article-41. Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
  • Article-42. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
  • Article-43. Living wage, etc., for workers.
  • Article-43A. Participation of workers in management of industries.
  • Article-44. Uniform civil code for the citizens.
  • Article-45. Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
  • Article 46. Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.
  • Article 47. Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
  • Article 48. Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.
  • Article 48A. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
  • Article- 49. Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
  • Article -50. Separation of judiciary from executive.
  • Article -51. Promotion of international peace and security.

Directive Principle of state Policy can be classified into following categories-

The Socialist principle-

  • Article 38-to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
  • Article -39- to strive to minimize inequalities of income among people .
  • Article -39(b)- ownership and control of material resources of the community shall be so distributed so as to subserve the common good.
  • Article 39 d-Equal pay for equal work
  • Article 39(e)-Health and strength of workers and the tender age of children must not be abused
  • Article -42- Provision of just and humane conditions for work and maternity relief
  • Article-39 A-Equal justice and free legal aid
  • Article 43 – participation of worker in the Management of the industries.

The Gandhian Principles-

  • article 40- Organinzation of Village panchayat
  • Article- 46- promotion of educational and economic interest of the SCs and STs and other weaker sections of the Society
  • Article 48- Organization of Animal husbandry and agriculture on modern and scientific lines to prohibit the slaughter of cows ,calves and other milch and draught animals.
  • Article 43- promote cottage industries
  • Article-47- to bring about prohibition intoxicating drinks and drugs that are injurious to health.

The western liberals principles-

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  • Article 44- uniform civil code for the citizens
  • Article 45-provision for early childhood ,care and education below the age of six years.
  • Article 50-separation of judiciary from executive
  • Article 51- to promote international peace and amity.

Directive Principle subsequently added-

42nd Amendment Act 1976

  •  equal opportunity for justice and free legal aid.
  • to protect the environment ,forests and wildlife.
  • right of workers to participate in management of industries.
  • to protect children from exploitation and healthy development of children in freedom and dignity

44th Amendment act-1978

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  • State shall minimize inequality in income .status ,facilities and opportunities among individuals and groups

86th Amendment Act 2002

  • the state shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.