Directive Principle of state Policy – Indian Constitution
Directive Principle of state Policy
Directive Principle of state Policy
Directive Principle of state Policy – Part IV
- Article 36 to 51 deal with the provisions of the directive principles which are contained in part -IV of Indian constitution
- this part of indian constitution has been adopted from Ireland constitution.
- The directive principles are the unique combination Socialism,Gandhism,western Liberalism and ideals of the indian freedom Movement.
- They are in form of direction or instructions to state.
Articles from 36 to 51 -DPSP
- Article -36- Definition
- Article-37-Application of the principles contained in this part
- Article-38- State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
- Article -39- Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.
- article -39A. Equal justice and free legal aid
- Article-40. Organisation of village panchayats.
- Article-41. Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
- Article-42. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
- Article-43. Living wage, etc., for workers.
- Article-43A. Participation of workers in management of industries.
- Article-44. Uniform civil code for the citizens.
- Article-45. Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
- Article 46. Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.
- Article 47. Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
- Article 48. Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.
- Article 48A. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
- Article- 49. Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
- Article -50. Separation of judiciary from executive.
- Article -51. Promotion of international peace and security.
Directive Principle of state Policy can be classified into following categories-
The Socialist principle-
- Article 38-to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
- Article -39- to strive to minimize inequalities of income among people .
- Article -39(b)- ownership and control of material resources of the community shall be so distributed so as to subserve the common good.
- Article 39 d-Equal pay for equal work
- Article 39(e)-Health and strength of workers and the tender age of children must not be abused
- Article -42- Provision of just and humane conditions for work and maternity relief
- Article-39 A-Equal justice and free legal aid
- Article 43 – participation of worker in the Management of the industries.
The Gandhian Principles-
- article 40- Organinzation of Village panchayat
- Article- 46- promotion of educational and economic interest of the SCs and STs and other weaker sections of the Society
- Article 48- Organization of Animal husbandry and agriculture on modern and scientific lines to prohibit the slaughter of cows ,calves and other milch and draught animals.
- Article 43- promote cottage industries
- Article-47- to bring about prohibition intoxicating drinks and drugs that are injurious to health.
The western liberals principles-
- Article 44- uniform civil code for the citizens
- Article 45-provision for early childhood ,care and education below the age of six years.
- Article 50-separation of judiciary from executive
- Article 51- to promote international peace and amity.
Directive Principle subsequently added-
42nd Amendment Act 1976
- equal opportunity for justice and free legal aid.
- to protect the environment ,forests and wildlife.
- right of workers to participate in management of industries.
- to protect children from exploitation and healthy development of children in freedom and dignity
44th Amendment act-1978
- State shall minimize inequality in income .status ,facilities and opportunities among individuals and groups
86th Amendment Act 2002
- the state shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.