National Current Affairs December 2015 PDF

National Current Affairs December 2015 PDF


 

Three-day Mayyazhi Mahotsavam kicked off in Mahe, Puducherry

  • The three-day Mayyazhi Mahotsavam(Fete de Mahe) celebrated from 29th November to 1st December at Mahe with a variety of programmes exhibiting the rich culture and tradition of the region, situated inside Kerala to attract open public participation in that way fostering the feeling of oneness.
  • Organised by Department of Tourism and the Legislative Assembly Secretariat at Mahe AayiMandapam, the main venue witnessed the performance of artists of national and international acclamation.
  • Seminar on “waste is wealth” and a debate was held

Key points:

  • Chairman of the Festival committee and Regional Administrator of Mahe- Mangalatte Dinesh
  • President given assent Maharashtra Factories (Amendment) Bill, 2015

Purpose:For women to work night shifts with mandatory safeguards for security
Benefits:

  • Improvement in functioning of employees across sections and gender in over 40,000 small scale factories in Maharashtra and will ensure greater number of women in the sector and other labour reforms.
  • State cabinet had given its nod for amending the Factories Act, 1948, to promote small and medium-scale industries last May. The decision is likely to give relief to the factories from the ‘inspector raj’ and to create 2 lakh new jobs.

 

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Maharashtra topped in GSDP – Brickwork Report

In accordance with the 4th edition of report by credit rating agency Brickwork, Maharashtra is the biggest economy within India at Rs 16.87 lakh crore in terms of gross state domestic product (GSDP).

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The rating agency looked at the State government’s willingness and ability to honour debt obligations.

  • Maharashtra’s GSDP has grown by 69% for the financial year ended March 31, 2015 and is followed by Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. Rating criterion
  • It includes an analysis of political, economic, budgetary, financial and institutional parameters that were considered relevant to the Maharashtra government’s creditworthiness.
  • Manufacturing sector -Gujarat and Maharashtra led this sector with 27.26% and 25.18% of GSDP respectively in 2014- 15.Other states with higher manufacturing sector share were Tamil Nadu (19.1 %), Jharkhand (18.8%) and Haryana (18.1%).
  • Services sector – Karnataka leads in the growth of services sector due to the growth in the IT/BPO/ KPO sector followed by Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Agriculture sector Agriculture has been the mainstay of most states by employing 40-60% of the workforce directly or indirectly but it has been neglected sector

National level

  • India’s GDP growth rate at 7.3% in 2015 exceeded that of China which grew at 6.9%.
  • The fastest-growing states were Bihar at 17.06%, Madhya Pradesh (16.86%) and Goa (16.43%) while Telangana (5.3%), Punjab (10.16%) and Rajasthan (11%) have shown a slow progress.

Union Government launched GIAN Scheme to boost higher education

  • Global Initiative of Academic Networks(GIAN) scheme to boost the quality of the country’s higher education through international collaboration launched at the Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar by HRD Minister Smriti Irani, and was started at IIT Kharagpur in the presence of R. Subrahmanyam(additional secretary for technical education), is inter-connected with the ‘Make in India’ campaign and the IMPRINT programme.

Key points:

  • 10-day courses:3D Digitisation for Cultural Heritage at IIT Gandhinagar and Orthopaedic Biomechanics: Implants and Biomaterials at IIT Kharagpur.
  • 201 courses approved under GIAN from among 495 courses so far

U.P. joins Centre’s UDAY scheme

  • Uttar Pradesh has become the twelfth State to become part of centre’s UDAY (Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana) scheme for reforming debt-laden state electricity distribution companies. (Union Minister of State for power, coal and new and renewable energy – Piyush Goyal)
  • The State cabinet approved bringing the virtually bankrupt state-electricity utility, burdened with outstanding arrears of about Rs 32,000 crore under UDAY.

About scheme:

  • As part of the scheme, States are required to take over 75% of discoms’ debt as on 30th September, 2015, and shift it to their own balance sheet in two years without triggering their fiscal deficit thresholds.
  • States are also required to bring their AT&C losses down to 15% from the present level by 2018-19.
  • Apart from UP, eleven other States have intimated their in-principle approval to come under the Uday scheme include Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand and Gujarat.

PFRDA switches to PAN for online enrolment under NPS

  • Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) has started using PAN(Permanent account number) instead of Aadhaar for validation of new customers who can now be registered online under the National Pension System (NPS) scheme.
  • Following the Supreme Court judgment on usage of Aadhaar, the Aadhaar-based online NPS account facility that was started on a pilot basis had to be discontinued. Participating banks The subscriber having an account with Internet banking facility with any of the 6 participating banks can open his NPS account online.
  • State Bank of Travancore, State Bank of Patiala, Oriental Bank of Commerce,United Bank of India, South Indian Bank and Syndicate Bank.
  • The Apex court has allowed usage of Aadhaar for the pension scheme under the National Social Assistance Programme (Old Age Pensions, Widow Pensions, Disability Pensions), apart from MGNREGS, PMJDY and EPFO.

AICDGPs held in Gujarat

  • The All- India conference of Directors General of Police (AICDGPs) which was held at Dhordo in white Rann of Kutch region near Bhuj, Gujarat was formally inaugurated by the Prime minister, Narendra Modi.
  • The three day conference was inaugurated in the presence of Union Minister for Home “Rajnath Singh”, Minister of State for Home “Kiran Rijju” and “Haribhai Patel”.

Proposal for formation of 5 new districts approved by West Bengal Government

  • The government of West Bengal has approved the proposal for formation of five new districts in the state. With the acceptance of this proposal, the total number of districts will increase to 25.
  • The decision was taken by the state cabinet meeting in Kolkata; Chief Minister Mamta Banerjee was the chairperson.
  • The names of the new districts are as follows:
  1. Kalimpong
  2. Sundarbans
  3. Basirhat
  4. Burdwan (Industrial)
  5. Jhargram

India’s biggest wildlife rescue centre commissioned

  • The Biggest wildlife rescue centre of India which is named as “Gorewada Zoo and Wildlife Rescue Centre” was commissioned at Gorewada, near Nagpur, Maharashtra.
  • Chief Minister of Maharashtra, ‘Devendra Fadnavis’ in presence of the State Forest Minister ‘Sudhir Mungantiwar’ inaugurated the centre.

42 mega food parks worth Rs 2,000 crore to be set up in the country

  • Union Food Processing Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal announced the establishment of 42 mega food parks worth Rs 2,000 crore will be set in the entire country, out of which five have already been established.
  • The announcement was made during the inauguration of Centre for learning resources Development at L M Thapar School of Management Thapar University Campus Dera Bassi, Punjab.
  • One of such food parks is at Fazilka in Punjab whereas 2 food parks at Ludhiana and Kapurthala will be established with in next 2 years.
  • She gave the approval for establishing Mega Food Park at Lalru, Punjab.

Benefits of Food Parks:

  • These Food Parks will be having all facilities like Production, Processing Plant, Cold Store, Collection centre & Transports.
  • One Mega Food Park provides employment to 30 thousand persons directly and will provide benefit indirectly to more than 1 lakh persons.

 President given assent to Labour Laws (Gujarat Amendment) Bill, 2015

  • President Pranab Mukherjee given assent to the Labour Laws Bill of Gujarat, which has provisions to ban strikes in public utility services for up to one year.
  • The Bill was sent for the President’s approval along with the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime ( GC TOC ) Bill, 2015 which is yet to be approved.
  • The bill also sought to change certain basic definitions in the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 and clauses in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
  • Objective: “To strengthen labourers and employers equally in the industrial hub of Gujarat.”
  • Government fixed compounding amount for industrialist maximum of Rs.21,000 and for labourers it is between Rs.150 and Rs.3,000, amending the Industrial Dispute Act.
  • Labour and Employment minister:Vijay Rupani.

Jharkhand Government declared state as drought hit

  • Jharkhand government declared the state as drought-hit because of scanty rainfall this season and decision was taken in a cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Raghubar Das.
  • Package of Rs.1,398 crore to drought-hit farmers for subsidized diesel, distribution of seeds, construction of small check dams and other facilities declared by the state government.

Delhi Assembly passed three major education bills

Three education bills passed will regulate the refund of excess fees at private institutions and also to abolish the screening processes at nursery and crumb the no detention policy till class 8th.

Key points:

  • Delhi School Education Amendment Bill (DSEAA) and the Delhi School (Verification of Accounts and Refund of Excess Fee) Bill lay down heavy fine(Rs.5 lakh for the first breach and Rs.10 lakh for each subsequent breach) and imprisonment for violators of various provisions.
  • Penalty of different grades for taking interviews at the entry levels plus the nursery admission and charging capitation fees.
  • Salary and allowances payable to, and terms and conditions of employees of recognized private schools shall be as per government schools.