Download Role Of Civil Services In Democracy PDF For IAS

Download Role Of Civil Services In Democracy PDF For IAS

India is a democratic country and in this system, power confers with the people. The power is exercised through its designated representatives who have the command to manage them for particular period. The civil services by quality of its knowledge, experience and understanding of public affairs support the chosen representatives to device effectual policy and have great responsibility to implement these policies for the welfare of society and enhancement of nation. Parliamentary democracies are generally pigeonholed by a permanent civil service which helps the political policymakers and political executives.

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Role of Civil Services in Indian Democracy

  • Give advice to political executives.
  • Assist the political executive to: (a) Formulate policy (b) Implement policy.

Constitutional Provisions Related to Civil Services in India

  • In terms of Articles 53 and 154, the executive power of the Union and the  States vests in the President or Governor directly or through officers subordinate to him. These officers constitute the permanent civil service and are governed by Part XIV of the Constitution (Services under the Union and States (Article 308-323)).
  • Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules: Work is allocated among Ministers as per the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules.
  • Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules: The manner in which the officers are required to help the President or Governor to exercise his/her executive functions is governed by the Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules.
  • Article 308 – Definition of state.
  • Article 310 – Tenure of office of persons serving the Union or a State.
  • Article 311 – Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a State.
  • Article 312 – All India Services.
  • Article 313 – Transitional Provisions.

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