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Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF Free

Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF Free

  • West Bengal is a state in eastern India. It is the nation’s fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants. Spread over 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2).
  • The origin of the name Bengal (known as Bangla and Bongo in Bengali language) is unknown.
  • One theory suggests that the word derives from “Bang”, a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BC.
  • The word might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). Although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name, the region’s early history is obscure.
  • Bengalis’ believe fish symbolizes fortune and good luck.
  • Kolkata is the only city in India where the trams service exists and is a highly popular public transport system.
  • West Bengal is the only Indian state which has The Himalayas, The Duars Forests, the vast beaches of The Bay of Bengal, and innumerable rivers. This is called “Accident of Geography”.
  • Kolkata was the capital of British India from 1756 to 1911, because of which you find British monuments in every part of the city.
  • Bengali women were the first Indian women to go to school, pursue higher studies and start working.
  • Undivided Bengal was the first place in India where Sati, polygamy and child-marriage were abolished and widow-remarriage was established by the British laws.
  • The National Song of India, “Vande Mataram”, was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, another Bengali.
  • Bengali is the only language which takes pride in gifting two countries their national anthems; India and Bangladesh. Both were written by Rabindranath Tagore.

Geographical Facts

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  • West Bengal is surrounded by land forms on all three sides.
  • In its south lies the Bay of Bengal.
  • It shares boundaries with Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam, Bangladesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. The northern part of West Bengal touches the Himalayan range.
  • The hill stations lying in this geographical region are the favorite tourist destinations in India. The climate of this part remains more or less cold through-out the year.
  • The foot hill of the Himalayan region is known as the Terrain region in West Bengal. This region is famous the world over for tea plantation.
  • The sub-Himalayan tract, known as the West Bengal Duars, or Western Duars, is a part of the Tarai lowland belt between the Himalayas and the plain.
  • Once infested with malaria, the area is now well drained and cultivated. Some of the finest tea plantations of India are situated there.
  • North of the Duars, the Himalayan mountain ranges rise abruptly along the northern boundary of the state.
  • Mount Kanchenjunga, actually located in adjacent Sikkim, dominates the landscape of the area, particularly in Darjiling (Darjeeling).
  • On a clear day, Mount Everest also can be seen in the distance.

Historical Facts –Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF Free

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  • West Bengal was formerly known as Vanga and was spread over a vast area. Ruled by several dynasties from ancient times, the actual history of this region is, however, available from the Gupta period.
  • The prosperity and the importance of the state increased largely when the British East India Company took over the place.
  • It was a widespread Bengal province until under the terms of the Indian Independence Act, 1947, the province of Bengal ceased to exist.
  • The Muslim-dominated districts, namely, Chittagong, Dacca and part of Presidency and Rajshahi division went to the present-day Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal came into existence in 1947.
  • The district of Cooch Behar was merged with the state on January 1, 1950.
  • The former Chandernogor came within the state on October 2, 1954 and the state got its present political boundary when, according to the States Reorganization Act, part of the state of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal.
  • The Indian National Congress (Congress Party) dominated the West Bengal government during nearly all of the state’s first three decades.
  • In 1977, however, the Communist Party of India (Marxist; CPI-M) won a majority of seats in the state legislative elections and became the ruling party.
  • The CPI-M remained in power as the world’s longest-serving democratically elected communist government until it was voted out of office in 2011.
  • The winner of the legislative elections that year, the All India Trinamool (or Trinamul) Congress (AITC), had been an ally in what was then the Congress Party’s national ruling coalition government.
  • The AITC’s founder and leader, Mamata Banerjee, became the state’s first female chief minister (head of government).

Government of West Bengal -Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF

  • Governor : Keshari Nath Tripathi
  • Chief Minister : Mamata Banerjee
  • High Court : Calcutta High Court
  • Capital :  Kolkata

State Symbols

  • State animal: Fishing cat
  • State River: Hooghly and Damodar
  • State bird: White-throated kingfisher
  • State Sport: Football
  • State flower: Night flowering Jasmine
  • State tree: Devil Tree
  • State Dance: Gaudiya Nritya

Seats

  • Assembly Seats : 295 Members(unicameral)
  • Lok Sabha Seats : 42
  • Rajya Sabha Seats : 16

Wildlife Sanctuaries-Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF Free

  • Ballavpur WLS
  • Bethuadahari WLS
  • Bibhuti Bhusan WLS
  • Buxa WLS
  • Chapramari WLS
  • Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary
  • Haliday Island WLS
  • Jorepokhri SalamanderWLS
  • Lothian Island WLS
  • Mahananda WLS
  • Raiganj WLS
  • Ramnabagan WLS
  • Sajnakhali WLS
  • Senchal WLS
  • West Sunderban WLS

National Park-Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF Free

  • Buxa National Park
  • Gorumara National Park
  • Neora Valley National Park
  • Singalila National Park
  • Sunderban National Park
  • Jaldapara National Park

Famous Temples in West Bengal

  • Dakshineswar Temple
  • Kalighat Kali Temple
  • Mayapur
  • Tarakeshwar

Major Districts of West Bengal 

Burdwan division

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  • Bankura
  • Bardhaman
  • Birbhum
  • East Midnapore (Purba Medinipur)
  • Hooghly
  • Purulia
  • West Midnapore (Paschim Medinipur)

Jalpaiguri division

  • Cooch Behar
  • Darjeeling
  • Alipurduar
  • Jalpaiguri
  • Malda
  • North Dinajpur (Uttar Dinajpur)
  • South Dinajpur (Dakshin Dinajpur)

Presidency division

  • Howrah
  •  Kolkata
  • Murshidabad
  • Nadia
  • North 24 Parganas (Uttar 24 Parganas)
  • South 24 Parganas (Dakshin 24 Parganas)

Natural Resources

  • West Bengal stands third in the country in terms of mineral production.
  • The state contributes about one-fifth to the total production of minerals in the country.
  • Coal constitutes 99% of the minerals extracted in West Bengal; fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese and dolomite are mined in small quantities.
  • There are good possibilities of obtaining mineral oil and natural gas in the areas near the Bay of Bengal, in Purba Medinipur, Sundarbans, South 24 Parganas and North Bengal plains.
  • Research is undergoing for finding natural gas in various places.
  • West Bengal is the third largest state for coal production, accounting for about half of India’s total.

Main Festivals -Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF

  • Kalpataru Utsab – January 1 of every year is celebrated as Kalpataru Day at Dakshineshwar and kossipore uddyanbati.
  • 21 February – Bengali language Day.
  • Bengali New Year.
  • Bhai Phonta.
  • Kali Puja/Lakshmi Puja.
  • Durga Puja: The Durga Puja is the main festival which is celebrated in West Bengal. Durga Puja is the most important hindu festival of Bengalis. This festival is celebrated with musuc, dance and drama for 10 days. During these days, the devotees worship the ten armed goddess Durga in various beautifully illuminated and decorated pandals. On the last day, the clay figures of the goddess Durga are carried out in procession to be immersed in the river Ganges.
  • Ganga Sagar Mela, Mahesh YATRA, Id, Muharram, Holi, Diwali are the other festivals which are celebrated in West Bengal.

Dance

  •  Chau dance of Purulia is a rare form of mask dance.
  • Gambhira Dance
  • Brita Dance
  • Santhal Dance
  • Tusu Dance
  • Lathi Dance

Major Airports in West Bengal

  • Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport

Some Famous Personalities

  • Rabindranath Tagore Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913
  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
  • Swami Vivekananda
  • Amitav Ghosh
  • Jhumpa Lahiri
  • Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize Awardee in Economics
  • Sushmita Sen
  • Pranab Mukherjee
  • Sourav Ganguly, Former Indian Captain,Athletico de kolkatta Co-Owner
  • Leander Paes, noted Lawn tennis player of India
  • Saurav Ghosal, currently highest ranked Indian player.
  • Anirban Lahiri, Indian Golfer

West Bengal : Name of municipal bodies -Download West Bengal General Knowledge PDF

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Bankura

1. Bankura Municipality (Total Number of wards – 23)
2. Bishnupur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)
3. Sonamukhi Municipality (Total Number of wards – 15)

Birbhum

4. Bolpur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 18)
5. Rampurhat Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)
6. Suri Municipality (Total Number of wards – 18)

Burdwan

7. Dainhat Municipality (Total Number of wards – 14)
8. Jamuria Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
9. Kalna Municipality (Total Number of wards – 18)
10. Katwa Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)
11. Memari Municipality (Total Number of wards – 16)
12. Raniganj Municipality (Total Number of wards – 21)

Cooch Behar

13. Cooch Behar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 20)
14. Dinhata Municipality (Total Number of wards – 16)
15. Mathabhanga Municipality (Total Number of wards – 12)
16. Tufanganj Municipality (Total Number of wards – 12)

Hooghly

17. Arambagh Municipality (Total Number of wards – 18)
18. Baidyabati Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
19. Bansberia Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
20. Bhadreswar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 20)
21. Champadany Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
22. Chandernagar Municipal Corporation (Total Number of wards – 33)
23. Hooghly-Chinsurah Municipality (Total Number of wards – 30)
24. Konnagar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)
25. Rishra Municipality (Total Number of wards – 23)
26. Serampore Municipality (Total Number of wards – 25)
27. Tarakeswar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 15)
28. Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality (Total Number of wards – 24)

Howrah

29. Bally Municipality (Total Number of wards – 29)

Jalpaiguri

30. Jalpaiguri Municipality (Total Number of wards – 25)

Kolkata

31. Kolkata Municipal Corporation (Total Number of wards – 141)

Malda

32. English Bazar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 25)
33. Old Malda Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)

Murshidabad

34. Beldanga Municipality (Total Number of wards – 14)
35. Dhulian Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)
36. Jangipur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 20)
37. Jiaganj-Azimganj Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)
38. Kandi Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)
39. Murshidabad Municipality (Total Number of wards – 16)

Nadia

40. Birnagar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 14)
41. Gayeshpur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 18)
42. Kalyani Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)
43. Nabadwip Municipality (Total Number of wards – 24)
44. Ranaghat Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)
45. Santipur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 23)
46. Taherpur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 13)

North 24-Parganas

47. Ashokenagar-Kalyangarh Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
48. Baduria Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)
49. Baranagar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 33)
50. Barasat Municipality (Total Number of wards – 30)
51. Barrackpore Municipality (Total Number of wards – 24)
52. Basirhat Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
53. Bhatpara Municipality (Total Number of wards – 35)
54. Bidhannagar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 23)
55. Bongaon Municipality (Total Number of wards – 21)
56. Garulia Municipality (Total Number of wards – 21)
57. Gobardanga Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)
58. Halishar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 23)
59. Kamarhati Municipality (Total Number of wards – 35)
60. Kanchrapara Municipality (Total Number of wards – 24)
61. Khardah Municipality (Total Number of wards – 21)
62. Naihati Municipality (Total Number of wards – 28)
63. New Barrackpore Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)
64. North Barrackkpore Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
65. North Dum Dum Municipality (Total Number of wards – 30)
66. Taki Municipality (Total Number of wards – 16)
67. Titagarh Municipality (Total Number of wards – 23)

Paschim Medinipur

68. Chandrakona Municipality (Total Number of wards – 12)
69. Ghatal Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)
70. Kharar Municipality (Total Number of wards – 10)
71. Khargapur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 30)
72. Khirpai Municipality (Total Number of wards – 10)
73. Ramjibanpur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 11)

Purba Medinipur

74. Contai Municipality (Total Number of wards – 18)
75. Tamluk Municipality (Total Number of wards – 19)

Purulia

76. Jhalda Municipality (Total Number of wards – 12)
77. Purulia Municipality (Total Number of wards – 22)
78. Raghunathpur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 13)

South 24-Parganas

79. Baruipur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 17)
80. Budge Budge Municipality (Total Number of wards – 20)
81. Jaynagar-Mazilpur Municipality (Total Number of wards – 14)

Darjeeling

82. Darjeeling Municipality (Total Number of wards -32 wards)