Geography Human Settlements pdf – Rural & Urban Settlements,Functions – Hello friends Welcome to studydhaba.com .Here We Are Sharing geography Notes on Human Settlement .Geography Human Settlements pdf – Rural & Urban Settlements,Functions
Geography Human Settlements pdf – Rural & Urban Settlements,Functions
Settlements can broadly be divided into two types –
Some basic differences between rural and urban areas in general.
The major difference between rural and urban areas is the function.
- Rural areas have predominantly primary activities, whereas urban areas have domination of secondary and tertiary activities.
- Generally the rural areas have low density of population than urban.
- Such settlement consists of individual units. It can be termed as the initial state of development of a settlement.
- An isolated dwelling would only have 1 or 2 buildings or families in it.
- When many individual units are cluster together they form hamlets. The grouping may be due to similar occupation patterns, religion, cultural factors etc. a hamlet has a tiny population (<100) and very few (if any) service.
- When many hamlets combine they from a village.
- The reason for such grouping may be due to interdependencies of one hamlet on another, thus to form a self sufficient unit.
- A town is a larger entity which is more self sufficient, has a stronger economic base.
- Where large concentration of people exists, multiple economic activities exist.
- A metropolis is a large city, with a population of at least one million living in its urban agglomeration.
- An extensive, metropolitan area or a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas.
Geographers have suggested various schemes of classification. If we group settlements found all over the country, these can broadly be grouped under four categories:
- These settlements have closely built up area.
- Therefore in such settlements all the dwellings are concentrated in one central sites and these inhabited area is distinct and separated from the farms and pastures.
- Maximum settlements of our country comes under this category. They are spread over almost every part of the country.
Semi- Compact Settlement:
- The dwellings or houses are not well-knitted.
- Such settlements are characterized by a small but compact nuclears around which hamlets are dispersed. It covers more area than the compact settlements.
- These settlements are found both in plains and plateaus depending upon the environmental conditions prevailing in that area.
- These type of settlements, are fragmented into several small units.
- The main settlement does not have much influence on the other units.
- Very often the original site is not easily distinguishable and these hamlets are often spread over the area with intervening fields.
- This segregation is often influenced by social and ethnic factors.
- This is also known as isolated settlements.
- Here the settlement is characterized by units of small size which may consist of a single house to a small group of houses. It varies from two to seven huts.
- Therefore, in this type, hamlets are scattered over a vast area and does not have any specific pattern.
According to the census of India urban areas are those which satisfy the conditions given below:
(a) All places with a municipality corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee etc.
(b) All other places which satisfy the following criteria:
(i) A minimum population of 5000;
(ii) At least 75 percent of male working population engaged in nonagricultural sector; and
(iii) A density of population of at least 4,000 persons per square kilometer.
Classification of urban settlement
- Class I 1,00,000 and above
- Class II 50,000 – 99,999
- Class III 20,000 – 49,999
- Class IV 10,000 – 19,999
- Class V 5,000 – 9,999
- Class VI less than 5,000