Geography Human Settlements pdf – Rural & Urban Settlements,Functions

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Geography Human Settlements pdf – Rural & Urban Settlements,Functions

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Geography Human Settlements pdf - Rural & Urban Settlements,Functions

Geography Human Settlements pdf – Rural & Urban Settlements,Functions

Settlements can broadly be divided into two types

  • Rural
  • Urban.

Some basic differences between rural and urban areas in general.

The major difference between rural and urban areas is the function.

  • Rural areas have predominantly primary activities, whereas urban areas have domination of secondary and tertiary activities.
  • Generally the rural areas have low density of population than urban.

Settlement Hierarchy

Isolate dwellings

  • Such settlement consists of individual units. It can be termed as the initial state of development of a settlement.
  • An isolated dwelling would only have 1 or 2 buildings or families in it.

Hamlets

  • When many individual units are cluster together they form hamlets. The grouping may be due to similar occupation patterns, religion, cultural factors etc. a hamlet has a tiny population (<100) and very few (if any) service.

Villages

  • When many hamlets combine they from a village.
  • The reason for such grouping may be due to interdependencies of one hamlet on another, thus to form a self sufficient unit.

Towns

  • A town is a larger entity which is more self sufficient, has a stronger economic base.

Cities

  • Where large concentration of people exists, multiple economic activities exist.

Metropolis

  • A metropolis is a large city, with a population of at least one million living in its urban agglomeration.

Megalopolis

  • An extensive, metropolitan area or a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas.

RURAL SETTLEMENTS

Geographers have suggested various schemes of classification. If we group settlements found all over the country, these can broadly be grouped under four categories:

Compact Settlements:

  • These settlements have closely built up area.
  • Therefore in such settlements all the dwellings are concentrated in one central sites and these inhabited area is distinct and separated from the farms and pastures.
  • Maximum settlements of our country comes under this category. They are spread over almost every part of the country.

Semi- Compact Settlement:

  • The dwellings or houses are not well-knitted.
  • Such settlements are characterized by a small but compact nuclears around which hamlets are dispersed. It covers more area than the compact settlements.
  • These settlements are found both in plains and plateaus depending upon the environmental conditions prevailing in that area.

Hamleted Settlements:

  • These type of settlements, are fragmented into several small units.
  • The main settlement does not have much influence on the other units.
  • Very often the original site is not easily distinguishable and these hamlets are often spread over the area with intervening fields.
  • This segregation is often influenced by social and ethnic factors.

Dispersed Settlements:

  • This is also known as isolated settlements.
  • Here the settlement is characterized by units of small size which may consist of a single house to a small group of houses. It varies from two to seven huts.
  • Therefore, in this type, hamlets are scattered over a vast area and does not have any specific pattern.

URBAN SETTLEMENTS

According to the census of India urban areas are those which satisfy the conditions given below:

(a) All places with a municipality corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee etc.

(b) All other places which satisfy the following criteria:

(i) A minimum population of 5000;

(ii) At least 75 percent of male working population engaged in nonagricultural sector; and

(iii) A density of population of at least 4,000 persons per square kilometer.

Classification of urban settlement

Class Population

  • Class I 1,00,000 and above
  • Class II 50,000 – 99,999
  • Class III 20,000 – 49,999
  • Class IV 10,000 – 19,999
  • Class V 5,000 – 9,999
  • Class VI less than 5,000

 

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By |March 31st, 2017|Geography|

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