Global Hunger Index 2018 UPSC Mind Map – India GHI 2018 Performance -According to the Global Hunger Index 2018, at least one in five Indian children under the age of five are wasted, which means they have extremely low weight for their height, reflecting acute under-nutrition.
- This year’s Global Hunger Index reveals a distressing gap between the current rate of progress in the fight against hunger and undernutrition and the rate of progress needed to eliminate hunger and alleviate human suffering.
- The 2018 Global Hunger Index – published jointly by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe – tracks the state of hunger worldwide and spotlights those places where action to address hunger is most urgently needed.
Global Hunger Index 2018 Mind Map -Global Hunger Index 2018 India Ranking
Key facts and figures of Global Hunger Index 2018
- In the countries included in the GHI, the share of the undernourished population stood at 12.3 percent in 2015–2017, down from 17.6 percent in 1999–2001.
- 27.9 percent children under five years of age were stunted based on data from 2013–2017, down from 37.1 percent in 1998–2002.
- 9.3 percent children under-5 years were wasted, slightly down from 9.7 percent in 1998–2002.
- The under-five mortality rate was 4.2 percent as of 2016, down from 8.1 percent in 2000.
The Four Main Indicators Used For Global hunger Index 2018
- The first indicator is undernourishment, which is the share of the population which is undernourished and reflects insufficient caloric intake.
The next three indicators use data for children under five:
- Child wasting (low weight for height), reflecting acute under-nutrition;
- child stunting (low height for age), reflecting chronic under-nutrition
- child mortality.
India has shown improvement in three of the indicators over the comparable reference years.
- The percentage of undernourished people in the population has dropped from 18.2% in 2000 to 14.8% in 2018.
- The child mortality rate has halved from 9.2% to 4.3%, while child stunting has dropped from 54.2% to 38.4% over the same period.
However, the prevalence of child wasting has actually worsened in comparison to previous reference years. It stood at 17.1% in 2000, and increased to 20% in 2005. In 2018, it stands at 21%. South Sudan’s child wasting prevalence is at 28%.
Child wasting is high across South Asia, constituting a “critical public health emergency”, according to UN organisations. The report notes that wasting rates are highest for infants aged 0 to 5 months, suggesting that attention to birth outcomes and breastfeeding is important.
India Ranking In Last Five years In Global Hunger Index
- 2014 – 55
- 2015 – 80
- 2016 – 97
- 2017 – 100
- 2018 – 103