Indian Railways Budget Short Notes 2016 PDF Download – 2016-17

Indian Railways Budget Short Notes 2016 PDF Download – 2016-17

Indian Railways Budget Short Notes 2016 PDF Download – 2016-17

Theme of the Budget
  • Overcoming challenges – Reorganize, Restructure Rejuvenate Indian Railways: ‘Chalo, Milkar Kuch Naya Karen’
  • Three pillars of the strategy i.e. Nav Arjan – New revenues, Nav Manak – New norms, Nav Sanrachna – New Structures

Key Highlights:

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  • Railways to get Rs 40,000 crore budgetary support from the government.
  • There will be no hike in passenger fares this year.
  • All the unmanned level crossings will be eliminated by 2020.
  • 17,000 bio-toilets and additional toilets in 475 stations to be installed in order to promote Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • Quota for senior citizens for lower berths in each coach to be increased by 50% thereby adding nearly 120 lower berths per train for then.
  • 33% reservation to women in reserved quota in Railways will be introduced.
  • Wi-Fi to be installed in 100 stations this year and 400 stations next year, in partnership with Google.
  • All the major stations to be brought under CCTV surveillance.
  • IRCTC to manage catering service. Local cuisine of choice will be available for passengers. Reservation for backward classes ¬ SC and ST and women in catering.
  • Cleaning of toilets by requests through SMS. Disabled enabled toilet in 11 Class-A stations this year.
  • Capacity of e-ticketing system to be enhanced from 2,000 tickets/min to 7,200/min.
  • Deen Dayal coaches to be added for long distance trains for unreserved passengers. These coaches will provide potable water and higher number of mobile charging points.
  • GPS-¬based digital display in coaches for showing upcoming stations.
  • Ticket cancellation facility to be provided through helpline number 139.
  • Bar-coded tickets to be available on pilot basis which will tackle menace of ticketless travel.
  • Menu for their children, baby food, baby boards to be made available for ease travelling of mothers.
  • 1,780 automatic ticket vending machines to be added to railway stations.
  • Braille enabled train wagons to be implemented for specially abled people.
  • 1,600 km of electrification this year and 2,000 km proposed for the next year.
  • India’s first railway auto hub in Chennai to be launched soon.
  • More dedicated freight corridors to accommodate the increased demand in freight transport.
  • High¬end technology for safety will be implemented.
  • Three direct services – fully air-conditioned Humsafer to travel at 130-km per hour.
  • E-booking of tickets on concessional passes for journalists introduced.
  • Ajmer, Amritsar, Gaya, Mathura, Nanded, Nashik, Puri, Tirupati, Varanasi, Nagapattinam and other pilgrim stations to be beautified.
  • Porters not to be called ‘coolies’ but be called ‘sahayaks’ now; will be trained in soft skills.
  • Aastha Circuit Trains to connect important Pilgrim Centers.
  • Propose to invite FM radio stations to provide train borne entertainment via PA systems

Initiative to garner greater share of freight movement

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Expanding the freight basket of Indian Railway

  • to start time-tabled freight container, parcel and special commodity trains on a pilot basis, container sector would be opened to all traffic barring coal, specified mineral ores and part-loads during the non-peak season. All existing terminals/sheds would be granted access to container traffic, where considered feasible.

 

Rationalising the tariff structure
  • undertake review of tariff policy to evolve a competitive rate structure vis a vis other modes, permit multi-point loading/unloading and apply differentiated tariffs to increase utilization of alternate routes, explore possibility of signing long term tariff contracts with our key freight customers using pre-determined price escalation principles.

 

Building terminal capacity
  • proposed to develop Rail side logistics parks and warehousing in PPP mode, 10 goods sheds will be developed by TRANSLOC, the Transport Logistics Company of India, in 2016-17. To soon inaugurate India’s first rail auto hub in Chennai. Encourage development of cold storage facilities on vacant land near freight terminals. Local farmers and fisherman would be given preferential usage of the facility. A policy in this regard would be issued in the next 3 months.

 

Nurturing customers
  • will appoint Key Customer Managers to liaison with our major freight stakeholders; each Zonal Railway will develop customer commitment charter indicating service level commitments of IR, will explore the feasibility of opening up leasing of general purpose wagons

Seven Mission mode activities to transform Railway

The Minister of Railways while presenting the Railway Budget 2016-17 in the Parliament today has proposed to transform Indian Railways through seven Mission activities – Avataran. These missions are:

 1. Mission 25 Tonne – It aims to increase revenue by augmenting carrying capacity. To achieve this 10-20% freight loading will be done through 25-tonne axle-load wagons in 2016-17 and target movement of 70% of freight traffic on high axle load wagons by FY19-20.

2.  Mission Zero Accident: It comprises of two sub missions

a. Elimination of unmanned level crossings: The goal is eliminate all unmanned level crossings on Broad Gauge in the next 3-4 years through innovative financing mechanisms. It will reduce deaths due to accidents and improve throughput of the network

b. TCAS (Train Collision Avoidance System):
An indigenous technology has been developed to equip 100% of the High Density Network with TCAS in the next 3 years. This will prevent head on collisions and improve throughput by increasing average sectional speeds.

3. Mission PACE (Procurement and Consumption Efficiency):
This mission aims to improve our procurement and consumption practices to improve the quality of goods and services. It will introduce a culture of optimum usage by adopting practices such as Vendor Managed Inventory, direct procurement of HSD, new procedures for identification and disposal of scrap. Comprehensive review of procurement and consumption of HSD will lead to saving more than Rs 1,500 crore in 2016-17.

4. Mission Raftaar: It targets doubling of average speeds of freights trains and increasing the average speed of superfast mail/express trains by 25 kmph in the next 5 years. Loco hauled passenger trains will be replaced by DEMU/MEMU over the next five years. It will complement Mission 25 Tonne to increase throughput of the railway system.

5. Mission Hundred: This mission will commission at least a hundred sidings in the next 2 years. The current siding/ PFT policy would be revised to elicit greater private participation. An online portal will be operated for accepting and processing all new applications, alongwith decentralization of powers.

6. Mission beyond book-keeping: It will establish an accounting system where outcomes can be tracked to inputs. This will transform IR as right accounting would determine right costing and hence right pricing and right outcomes.

7.  Mission Capacity Utilisation: It proposes to prepare a blueprint for making full use of the huge new capacity that will be created through two Dedicated Freight Corridors between Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Kolkata scheduled to be commissioned by 2019.

Helping the old and disabled:

  • Expansion of Sarathi Seva: Sarathi Seva, which was introduced in Konkan Railway to help the old and disabled passengers requiring assistance at stations will be expanded at many more stations.
  • in pursuance of the objectives of Accessible India Campaign Indian Railway will ensure that all stations under redevelopment are made disabled friendly.
Cleanliness Initiative:
  • Clean my Coach service on Pan India basis is introduced
  • Introduction of 30,000 Bio-Toilets in Trains

Initiative to Augment revenue from non-fare sources

Current revenue through non-fare sources is less than 5% and to increased it to world average of 10% following initiatives will be taken:

  • Station redevelopment: A major programme of station redevelopment has been initiated to monetize land and buildings through commercial exploitation of vacant land and space rights over station buildings.
  • Monetizing land along tracks: Railways will lease out the land available adjacent to tracks to promote horticulture and tree plantation. This will generate employment to underprivileged sections, augment food security and also prevent encroachment. Possibility of using these tracks for generating solar energy will also be exploited.
  • Monetizing soft assets: Railways to monetize the data collected on passenger preferences, ticketing, commodity, train running on various services and operations. IRCTC also offers opportunities of taking of e-commerce activities on large number of hits that it receives.
  • Advertising: Railways to use its vast physical infrastructure for commercial exploitation through advertisement. Special focus will be given to exploit extra potential of stations, trains and land adjacent to tracks.
  • Overhaul of Parcel business: Railways to liberalize its current parcel policies to increase the non-fare revenue. It will expand its service offerings especially to growing sectors such as e-commerce.
  • Revenues from manufacturing activity: Railways to put focus to increase productivity and better manufacturing practices to become a meaningful player in the domestic and international markets. It is aimed to generate annualized revenues of about Rs.4,000 crore by 2020.