Jallikattu Pdf Short Notes With Full Analysis For UPSC prelims and Mains 2017

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Jallikattu Pdf Short Notes With Full Analysis For UPSC prelims and Mains 2017

Jallikattu Pdf Short Notes With Full Analysis For UPSC prelims and Mains 2017Jallikattu is a bull’s game day event happening in Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations. Bulls are bred specifically by some private rich persons of the village& temples for the event.

Jallikattu Pdf Short Notes With Full Analysis For UPSC prelims and Mains 2017

Bullfighting was common among the ancient tribes who lived in the ‘Mullai’ geographical division of the ancient Tamil country.Later, it became a platform for display of bravery and prize money was introduced for entertainment.

The event often results in major injuries and deaths with over 200 deaths over the past two decades.

Animal activists, the FIAPO (Federation of India Animal Protection Agencies) and PETA India have protested against the practice over the years.

The Animal Welfare Board of India has filed a case in the Supreme Court of India for an outright ban on Jallikattu because of the cruelty to animals and the threat to public safety involved. Protestors point out that Jallikattu is promoted as bull taming, but that there is no ‘taming’ involved at all. Jallikattu exploits the bulls’ natural nervousness as prey animals by deliberately placing them in a terrifying situation in which they are forced to run away from those they perceive as predators. The practice effectively involves catching a terrified animal, not taming it.

In May 2014, the Supreme Court of India banned the practice, citing animal welfare issues. Recently the Government of India has passed an order exempting Jallikattu from all performances where bulls cannot be used, effectively reversing the ban. However, the Supreme Court of India upheld its ban on the event, leading to protests all over Tamil Nadu.

Jallikattu Pdf Short Notes With Full Analysis For UPSC prelims and Mains 2017

Animal Welfare Board: The Animal Welfare Board of India is a statutory advisory body on Animal Welfare Laws and promotes animal welfare in the country. From ensuring that animal welfare laws in the country are diligently followed, to provide grants to Animal Welfare Organizations and advising the Government of India on animal welfare issues, the Board has been the face of the animal welfare movement in the country since 1962.The Board consists of 28 Members. The term of office of Members is for a period of 3 years.

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: PETA is the largest animal rights organization in the world, with more than 5 million members and supporters. PETA India focuses primarily on the areas in which the greatest numbers of animals suffer the most: in the food and leather industries, in laboratories and in the entertainment industry. PETA India’s investigative work, public education efforts, research, animal rescues, legislative work, special events, celebrity involvement and national media coverage have resulted in countless improvements to the quality of life for animals and have saved countless animals’ lives.

Federation of India Animal Protection Agencies: FIAPO’s main aim is to help connect up, and inform, animal protection organizations and activists across India. The aim is to strengthen animal protection by strengthening organizations themselves; not to become an “alternative” to existing organizations but on the contrary, to be an expression of their strength and an amalgam of their collective expertise and passion.

Why the sudden outrage?

  • Last year, the Environment Ministry amended its earlier notification, initially issued by UPA in 2011, and declared that the sport could carry on irrespective of the imposed ban. This was seen in direct contravention with the Supreme Court’s order and was challenged by organisations such as People for The Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). Consequently, a stay order was issued by the court.
  • A research conducted by PETA’s investigators found that the bulls were being disoriented, deliberately. The bulls’ tails were allegedly bitten and twisted; stabbed, punched and dragged on the ground. PETA’s campign was vocally supported by celebrities like John Abraham and Hema Malini, who played an integral role in standing for the ban against Jallikattu.

Why is PETA keen on banning Jallikattu?

  • In January 2016, the Central Government lifted the ban on request of Tamil Nadu Government. This notification was challenged by PETA and Other such welfare Organizations in the Supreme Court. PETA insists that ‘cruelty’ is not limited to slaughter but includes unnecessary suffering and torture induced on animals for the purpose of human entertainment.
  • Therefore, PETA advocates that it is the fundamental duty of citizens of India to have compassion for all living creatures and to protect wildlife.

Why are Tamilians protesting the ban on Jallikattu?

  • They consider it symbolic of Tamilian pride as it is an ancient tradition that has been carried on for years. Jallikattu witnesses thousands of participants, attempting to tame the bulls by latching to their horns or humps.
  • Its innumerable references could be found in Dravidian Literature and the indigenous population of Tamilnadu has held this event for years.
  • The Jallikattu protests are fuelled by the view that the ban impinges on the cultural identity of the populace.
  • Film fraternity members are scheduled to fast in support of jallikattu while the the Trade association says markets shall remain closed tomorrow.

Jallikattu Pdf Short Notes With Full Analysis For UPSC prelims and Mains 2017

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By |March 28th, 2017|Education|

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