Ministry of Environment Critical Endangered Animal Species of India Pdf

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Ministry of Environment Critical Endangered Animal Species of India Pdf

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According to the Red Data Book of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are 47 critically endangered species in India (as of 5 September 2011).

The Red List of 2012 was released at the Rio+20 Earth Summit . It contains 132 species of plants and animals in India listed as critically endangered.

Very Critically endangered in India

Arthropoda

  • Rameshwaram parachute spider (Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica)
  • Peacock tarantula (Poecilotheria metallica)

Birds

  • White-bellied heron (Ardea insignis)
  • Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)
  • Forest owlet (Athene blewitti)
  • Baer’s pochard (Aythya baeri)
  • Spoon-billed sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)
  • Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus)
  • White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
  • Indian vulture (Gyps indicus)
  • Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)
  • Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis)
  • Himalayan quail (Ophrysia superciliosa)
  • Jerdon’s courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus)
  • Pink-headed duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea)
  • Red-headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus)
  • Sociable lapwing (Vanellus gregarius)
  • Bugun liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum)

Fish

  • Wayanad mahseer (Barbodes wynaadensis)
  • Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon)
  • Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus)
  • Glyptothorax kashmirensis (Glyptothorax kashmirensis)
  • Kudremukh glyptothorax (Glyptothorax kudremukhensis)
  • Nilgiri Mystus (Hemibagrus punctatus)
  • Horalabiosa arunachalami (Horalabiosa arunachalami)
  • Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Hypselobarbus pulchellus)
  • Red Canarese barb (Hypselobarbus thomassi)
  • Deccan labeo (Labeo potail)
  • Mesonoemacheilus herrei (Mesonoemacheilus herrei)
  • Bovany barb (Neolissochilus bovanicus)
  • Deolali minnow (Parapsilorhynchus prateri)
  • Pookode Lake barb (Pethia pookodensis)
  • Common sawfish (Pristis pristis)
  • Largetooth sawfish (Pristis microdon)
  • Longcomb sawfish (Pristis zijsron)
  • Psilorhynchus tenura (Psilorhynchus tenura)
  • Deccan barb (Puntius deccanensis)
  • Humpback mahseer[5]
  • Schistura papulifera (Schistura papulifera)

Insects

  • Pygmy Hog Sucking Louse (Haematopinus oliveri)

Reptiles and amphibians

  • Madras spotted skink (Barkudia insularis)
  • Northern river terrapin (Batagur baska)
  • Red-crowned roofed turtle (Batagur kachuga)
  • Cnemaspis anaikattiensis(Cnemaspis anaikattiensis)
  • Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)
  • Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)
  • Ghats wart frog (Fejervarya murthii)
  • Jeypore ground gecko (Geckoella jeyporensis)
  • Gundia Indian frog (Indirana gundia)
  • Toad-skinned frog (Indirana phrynoderma)
  • Charles Darwin’s frog (Ingerana charlesdarwini)
  • Rao’s torrent frog (Micrixalus kottigeharensis)
  • Dattatreya night frog (Nyctibatrachus dattatreyaensis)
  • Sacred grove bushfrog (Philautus sanctisilvaticus)
  • Amboli bush frog (Pseudophilautus amboli)
  • White-spotted bush frog (Raorchestes chalazodes)
  • Green eyed bushfrog (Raorchestes chlorosomma)
  • Griet bush frog (Raorchestes griet)
  • Kaikatti bushfrog (Raorchestes kaikatti)
  • Mark’s bushfrog (Raorchestes marki)
  • Munnar bush frog (Raorchestes munnarensis)
  • Ponmudi bush frog (Raorchestes ponmudi)
  • Resplendent shrubfrog (Raorchestes resplendens)
  • Shillong bubble-nest frog (Raorchestes shillongensis)
  • Anaimalai flying frog (Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus)
  • Sushil’s bushfrog (Raorchestes sushili)
  • Amboli toad (Xanthophryne tigerina)
  • Ghats wart frog (Zakerana murthii)

Mammals

  • Asiatic cheetah: Extinct form India (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus)
  • Sangai
  • Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi)
  • Himalayan wolf (“Canis himalayensis“)
  • Elvira rat (Cremnomys elvira)
  • Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis)
  • Jenkins’ shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi)
  • Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica)
  • Northern Sumatran rhinoceros: Extinct from India (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis)
  • Kondana soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana)
  • Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania)
  • Indian Javan rhinoceros: Extinct from India (Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis)
  • Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina)
  • Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla)

Endangered

Fish

  • Knifetooth sawfish (Anoxypristis cuspidata)
  • Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus)
  • Red line torpedo barb (Sahyadria denisonii)

Birds

  • Narcondam hornbill (Rhyticero)

Reptiles

  • Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis)

Mammals

  • Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica)
  • Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
  • Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)
  • Banteng (Bos javanicus)
  • Central Kashmir vole (Alticola montosa)
  • Dhole (Cuon alpinus)
  • Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus)
  • Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)
  • Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)
  • Gee’s golden langur (Trachypithecus geei)
  • Kolar leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros hypophyllus)
  • Hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus)
  • Hoolock gibbons (Hoolock spp.)
  • Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)
  • Indian tiger
  • Indian wild ass (Equus hemionus khur)
  • Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus)
  • Mandelli’s mouse-eared bat (Myotis sicarius)
  • Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii)
  • Nicobar flying fox (Pteropus faunulus)
  • Nilgiri langur (Trachypithecus johnii)
  • Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)
  • Nicobar treeshrew (Tupaia nicobarica)
  • Palm rat (Rattus palmarum)
  • Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)
  • Red goral (Naemorhedus baileyi)
  • Snow leopard (Uncia uncia)
  • Smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata)
  • Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis)
  • Stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides)
  • Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus)
  • Servant mouse (Mus famulus)
  • Swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii)
  • Takin (Budorcas taxicolor)
  • Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii)
  • White-bellied musk deer (Moschus leucogaster)
  • Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee)
  • Wild goat (Capra aegagrus)
  • Woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus)

Vulnerable

Mammals

  • Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)
  • Clouded leopard
  • Dugong
  • Gaur
  • Indian rhinoceros
  • Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata)
  • Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus)
  • Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)
  • Yak (Bos grunhniens)

Reptiles and amphibians

  • Olive ridley sea turtle

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