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National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)


  • Provision of safe drinking water is a basic necessity.
  • Rural drinking water supply is a State subject and has been included in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution of India, among the subjects that may be entrusted to Panchayats by the States.
  • To accelerate the pace of coverage of problem villages with respect to provision of drinking water, the Government of India introduced the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) in 1972–73, to support States and UTs with financial and technical assistance in implementing drinking water supply schemes in such villages.
  • In order to address the major issues like sustainability, water availability and supply, poor water quality, etc., the Rural Drinking Water Supply Guidelines have been revised w.e.f. 1.4.2009.

The revised program known as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) focuses on the following areas:

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  1. Moving forward from achieving habitation level coverage towards household level drinking water coverage.
  2. Moving away from over dependence on single drinking water source to multiple sources, through conjunctive use of surface water, groundwater and rainwater harvesting.
  3. Ensuring sustainability in drinking water schemes and preventing slip back.
  4. Encouraging water conservation methods including revival of traditional water bodies.
  5. Convergence of all water conservation programmes at the village level ;
  6. Ensuring household level drinking water security through water budgeting and preparation of village water security plans.
  7. Consciously moving away from high cost treatment technologies for tackling arsenic and fluoride contamination  in the water
  8. Promoting water Harvesting .
  9. Developing the capability of preliminary drinking water testing at the Gram Panchayat level.
  10. Establishing Water Testing Laboratory facilities with respect to drinking water, at the district and subdivision level.
  11. Linking of Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance with the Jalmani guidelines for implementation of standalone drinking water purification systems in rural schools.
  12. Encouraging handing over of management of rural drinking water schemes (RWS) to the Panchayati Raj Institutions (incentive of 10% of the NRDWP allocation for the States that transfer the management, is introduced).

NRDWP Guidelines Components of the NRDWP To meet the emerging challenges in the rural drinking water sector relating to availability, sustainability and quality, the components under the programme are

  1. NRDWP (Coverage)
  2. NRDWP (Sustainability)
  3. NRDWP (Water quality)
  4. NRDWP (DDP areas)
  5. NRDWP (Natural calamity)
  6. and NRDWP (Support)

Centre : State Share in Funding will Be in Following Ways –

  1. NRDWP (Coverage) – 30 Percent of the fund will be Available for the NRDWP (Coverage)- in the states funding contribution by state and centre will be 50:50 percent except in the North Eastern States and Jammu and kashmir for which funding will be 90:10 percent .In this 90 percent by centre and 10 percent from State
  2. NRDWP (Water Quality): 20% of the annual NRDWP funds will be allocated for addressing water quality problems to enable the rural communities to have access to potable drinking water on a 50:50 sharing basis except for the North–East States and Jammu & Kashmir for which, funding pattern will be on 90:10 basis.
  3. NRDWP (Sustainability) – 20% of the NRDWP funds will be earmarked for this component on a 100% Central share basis to be allocated among States/UTs, which will be used to encourage States/UTs to achieve drinking water security through sustainability of sources and systems. This component will be implemented in the form of decentralized, community managed, demand-driven programme on broad Swajaldhara principles wherein innovations will be encouraged. Capital cost sharing is left to the state to decide. The States are required to prepare district-wise Drinking Water Security Plans and the Sustainability component will be used to fund the gap in this plan.
  4. NRDWP (DDP Areas): 10% of the annual NRDWP funds will be assigned amongst States having DDP blocks/districts funded on a 100% Central share basis.
  5.  NRDWP (Natural calamity): 5% of the NRDWP funds will be retained by DDWS and used for providing assistance to States/UTs to mitigate drinking water problems in the rural areas in the wake of natural calamities.
  6.  NRDWP (Support): 5% of NRDWP funds will be allocated to States on 100% Central share basis for support activities that may include awareness generation and capacity building programmes through CCDUs, water quality testing, MIS and computerization, R&D activities etc.

At the State Level the programme funds available for different components will be as follows:

  1. 10% for O&M with 50:50 cost sharing basis between Centre & State (In case of J&K and NE States on 90:10 basis).
  2. 20% for sustainability on 100% Central share basis.
  3.  45% for coverage and 20% for water quality on 50:50 cost sharing basis (In case of J&K and NE States on 90:10 basis).
  4. 5% for Support activities on 100% Central share basis.

Economic survey 2014-15 data -NRDWP

  1. Under the NRDWP, the goal is to ensure that every rural person in the country has access to 70 l of water per capita per day (lpcd) within their household premises or at a distance of not more than 50 m by 2022.
  2. The coverage under the programme is 68 per cent.
  3. However, slippages happen owing to depleting groundwater levels, increase in population, demand for increased levels of service, and low involvement of gram panchayats and communities in the planning, implementation and monitoring. Increasing contamination of drinking water sources for a variety of reasons is another problem.
  4. As on March 2014, about 73.8 per cent of rural habitations are fully covered with the provision of at least 40 lpcd of safe drinking water.
  5. The rest are either partially covered or have chemical contamination in drinking water sources.
  6. During 2013-14, a target to cover 1,41,838 habitations was fixed against which coverage of 1,52,423 habitations has been reported.
  7. The outlay for rural drinking water supply has been increased from ` 4098 crore in 2005-06 to ` 9700 crore in 2013-14.
  8. According to the NSS 69th round (Key Indicators on Drinking Water, July 2012 to December 2012) there were 88.5 per cent estimated rural households in India with access to drinking water from improved sources and 11.5 per cent with access to drinking water from unimproved sources.
  9. However, Census 2011 reported that 84.2 per cent of rural households have access to improved drinking water sources from taps, hand pumps, and covered wells.