NAVIC - All you Need to Know About India GPS Called NAVIC

NAVIC – All you Need to Know About India GPS Called NAVIC

NAVIC – All you Need to Know About India GPS Called NAVIC.

India’s Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) will be known to the world as NAVIC.

India is now proudly among five nations in the world which have established their own satellite navigation system. Until today, we were reliant on GPS and systems from other nations, but today we are independent.

To Download This File Click On The Download- Download Now 

What is the Full form of NAVIC

  • Navigation With Indian Constellation, or NAVIC

The four other countries/blocs that have their own navigation satellite systems are the

  1. US
  2. Russia
  3. China
  4. European Union.

About IRNSS 

  • IRNSS is an independent regional navigation satellite system developed by India and consisting of a constellation of seven satellites.
  • It is designed to provide accurate position information to users in India as well as those in a radius extending to 1,500km from its borders.
  • This system has so much potential to be useful not only for the whole country, but also our neighbouring SAARC countries which are dependent on foreign systems and can now make use of this Indian system
  • The IRNSS is expected to provide a positional accuracy of better than 20 metres in the primary service area.
  • It involves placing three satellites in suitable slots in a geostationary orbit, 35,786km above the Equator, and the remaining four in geosynchronous, elliptical orbits designed to keep the satellites within view of ground stations.
  • Some of the applications provided by IRNSS would be terrestrial, aerial and marine navigation, disaster management, vehicle tracking and fleet management, integration with mobile phones, precise timing, mapping and geodetic data capture, terrestrial navigation aid for hikers and travellers, and visual and voice navigation for drivers.
  • Though the full system comprises nine satellites — seven in orbit and two on the ground as stand-by, the navigation services could be made operational with four satellites

NAVIC – All you Need to Know About India GPS Called NAVIC

Main USe of the Indian NAVIC Will Be 

  • The system will be used for terrestrial, aerial and marine navigation, disaster management, vehicle tracking and fleet management, integration with mobile phones, precise timing, mapping and geodetic data capture, terrestrial navigation aid for hikers and travellers, visual and voice navigation for drivers.

The system will provide two types of services—

Download Free Study Material IBPS
  1. Standard Positioning Service (SPS) for all users
  2. Restricted Service (RS), an encrypted service for authorized users only.

Number of Satellites Launched and Cost of Each Satellite

  • The first satellite IRNSS-1A was launched in July 2013, the second IRNSS-1B in April 2014, the third on October 2014, the fourth in March 2015, and the fifth and sixth on January 20 and March 10, 2016.
  • Each satellite costs about Rs.150 crore, while the PSLV-XL version rocket costs about Rs.130 crore. The seven rockets would entail an outlay of about Rs.910 crore.
  • The total project cost including other facilities is around Rs.1,420 crore,

Why own Navigation System Is needed for Any Country ?

  • An Indian-owned satellite navigation system is crucial to get positional accuracy during war or a war-like situation as the country may be denied such information by countries owing similar systems during such times.
  • India IS Solely Depend On the USA GPS . The GPS system was developed by the US, which started in 1973. But during the Kargil war in 1999, the US had denied India to provide any GPS information. That triggered the idea of building country’s own navigation system.

Science and Tech  Current Affairs 2016 for SSC CGL ,UPSC Prelims , RRB NTPC, State Level Exams