Proxy voting India – Advantages & Disadvantages – GS Paper 2 Mains IAS

Recently, Lok Sabha passed a Bill that proposes to allow non-resident Indians (NRIs) to use proxies to cast votes on their behalf in Indian elections. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of proxy voting. What other viable alternatives do you suggest?

Proxy voting India - Advantages & Disadvantages - GS Paper 2 Mains IAS

Answer of This Question

What is Proxy Voting ?

  • Under proxy voting, a registered elector can delegate his/her voting power to a representative.
  • In India, only a ―classified service voter‖ is allowed to nominate a proxy to cast vote on his/her behalf until
  • They include members of the armed forces, BSF, CRPF, CISF, General Engineering Reserve Force and Border
    Road Organisation

The proxy ballot has been viewed as the most viable options for NRIs to cast their vote. Under this scheme, a relative or someone close to you who are residing in India and has a valid voter ID card can cast your vote on your behalf.

What Are The Advantages Of Proxy Voting ?

  1. It Make Easy for Indian people to cast their Vote . It is Difficult for NRI To Present on Polling day for casting Their Vote.
  2. It Help NRI to Participate In nation Building process . Proxy vote Will Allowed Them to take part In Election process of India.

Disadvantages of proxy voting

  • NRIs may not know regarding domestic conditions
  • High chances of electoral malpractices
  • Proxy or postal ballots open to manipulation
  • E-ballot can be harmed through spyware, malware etc
  • Citizens affected by government choice, not NRIs

Other alternatives of Proxy Voting 

  • Online voting (but this could compromise secrecy of voting)
  • Voting by post (E-postal ballot is a ballot paper that is sent to the voter electronically and returned to the
    returning officer by post)
  • Voting at Indian mission abroad (but it is difficult to organise polling with limited resources)



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