Rafale deal Issue Pdf Download – Cost,History,Scam or Not,Full Analysis -The Defence Minister refused to share the price details on Rafale purchase, citing the Security Agreement provisions.

What is the Rafale aircraft?

  • Rafale is a twin-engine medium multi-role combat aircraft.
  • It is manufactured by the French company Dassault Aviation.
  • Dassault claims Rafale has ‘Omnirole’.
  • This is the capability to perform several actions at the same time.
  • Rafale can carry out both air-to-ground as well as air-to-air attacks.
  • It can also carry out interceptions during the same flight.
  • The aircraft is fitted with an on-board oxygen generation system (OBOGS).
  • It suppresses the need for liquid oxygen re-filling or ground support for oxygen production.


Rafale deal Issue Pdf Download - Cost,History,Scam or Not,Full Analysis

Rafale deal Issue Pdf Download – Cost,History,Scam or Not,Full Analysis

How did the deal evolve?

  • Indian Air Force (IAF) raised the requirement for Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) in 2007.
  • This was to replace the aging fleet of MiG aircratfs.
  • Tender – Tenders for 126 Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) fighters were issued by India in 2007.
  • It was an open competition between companies including Dasault Aviation of France.
  • Dassault was announced as the lowest bidder in 2012.
  • Earlier Deal – Of the 126 jets required, 18 fighters were to be imported in a fly-away condition.
  • Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) would manufacture the remaining 108 jets.
  • This was agreed to be with Transfer of Technology (ToT) from Dassault.
  • Stall – India and France were unable to decide on a price for the jets.
  • The workshare agreement between HAL and Dassault Aviation was signed in 2014.
  • But with the new NDA government in place, clarity on the progress of the deal remained unclear.
  • New deal – On PM’s visit to France in 2015, India’s intention to buy 36 Rafale aircraft in “fly-away” condition was announced.
  • Defence Minister announced the previous 126 fighter jet deal to be dead.
  • Subsequently, the deal for the acquisition of 36 aircraft was signed by the Defence Ministers of India and France in 2016.
  • This was done through a government-to-government deal.

What are the present concerns?

  • ToT – The current deal has a 50% offset component.
  • Accordingly, Dassault will manufacture items worth 50% of the deal in India.
  • However, the absence of transfer of technology (ToT) component is raised as an issue.
  • Also, no role is guaranteed for any Indian public sector company, including HAL.
  • Deal – The present deal as direct government-to-government agreement, as against the earlier open tender, is criticised.
  • Also, the 36 fighters are said to be purchased at a much higher price than earlier negotiated.

What is the dispute with sharing price details?

  • Earlier deal – The previous government’s price for 126 aircraft was never finalised, and no contract was signed or executed.
  • Hence, no official figure on the price was ever given.
  • New Deal – Recently, the Defence Minister declined to share the cost of the Rafale fighters under the new deal, with Rajya Sabha.
  • It was said that the price details were “classified information“.
  • This was as per the Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) between the Governments of India and France.
  • Accordingly, material exchanged under IGA is governed by the provisions of the Security Agreement.
  • However, in 2016, Minister of State for Defence had shared the price in the Lok Sabha in a written reply.
  • The basic price of each Rafale aircraft was said to be around Rs 670 crore.
  • At the time of its signing, the 36-aircraft deal was said to be worth around Rs 59,000 crore.

What is the Security Agreement?

  • Security – Signed between the two nations in 2008, it has some confidentiality provisions.
  • It relates to Protection of Classified Information and Material in the field of Defence.
  • For any contract or sub-contracting contract with classified information and material, a security annex shall be drawn up.
  • The competent security authority from the information forwarding party shall specify what has to be protected by the receiving party.
  • Renewal – It was specified that the Agreement shall remain in force for a period of 10 years.
  • It shall be renewed by “tacit consent” for new 5-year period.
  • Accordingly, the agreement will continue unless one of the Parties notifies its intention to not renew.
  • This has to be given in writing 6 months prior to the end of the current period of validity.
  • The initial 10-year life of the Agreement signed in 2008, ended on January 24, 2018.
  • It is not clear if it has been renewed by tacit consent by the government.

What is the parliamentary procedure?

  • It has generally been the practice to share the cost of defence deals with Parliament.
  • However, in some cases, the details have been kept secret for reasons of national security.
  • Nevertheless, the government is duty-bound to share the pricing details with Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) and the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) of Parliament.

Latest Updates October 2018 About Rafael Deal 

  • The Opposition has been accusing the NDA govt. of choosing Reliance Defence over state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.
  • French media report quoted former French president Francois Hollande as purportedly saying that the Indian government proposed Ambani’s Reliance Defence as the partner for Dassault Aviation in the ₹58,000 crore Rafale jet fighter deal and France did not have a choice.
  • Mr. Modi had announced the procurement of a batch of 36 Rafale jets after holding talks with then French President Hollande on April 10, 2015 in Paris.
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