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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Biography & Contributions To Modern India

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Biography & Contributions To Modern India

Date of Birth: 31 October 1875

Place of Birth: Nadiad, Bombay Presidency (present day Gujarat)

Parents: Zaverbhai Patel (father) and Ladbai (mother)

Spouse: Jhaverba

Children: Maniben Patel, Dahyabhai Patel

Education: N. K. High school, Petlad; Inns of Court, London, England

Association: Indian National Congress

Movement: Indian Independence Struggle

Political Ideology: Moderate, Right-wing

Religious Beliefs: Hinduism

Publications: Ideas of a Nation: Vallabhai Patel, The Collected Works of Vallabhbhai Patel, 15 volumes

Passed Away: 15 December 1950

Memorial: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a senior leader of Indian National Congress and a prominent figure in the Indian Freedom Struggle, who later became India’s first Deputy Prime Minister and first Home Minister.
  • Sardar Patel’s contribution in integrating 565 princely states into a newly independent India is unforgettable.

Vallabhbhai Patel’s early life

  • Vallabhbhai Patel was born in Nadiad, Gujarat, on October 31, 1875
  • His birth anniversary is now observed as National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas.
  • Patel practised law at Godhra, Borsad, and Anand in Gujarat, after passing the bar examination.
  • He earned the reputation of being a fierce and skilled lawyer.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s role in the Indian Freedom Movement

  • Patel joined the Congress and became the secretary of the Gujarat Sabha that became a Congress stronghold later.
  • On Gandhi’s call, Patel quit his hard-earned job and joined the movement to fight for exemption of taxes in Kheda at the time of plague and famine (1918).
  • Patel joined Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement (1920) and travelled around West India to recruit 3,00,000 members. He also collected more than Rs 1.5 million for the party fund.
  • There was a British law banning the hoisting of the Indian Flag. When Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned, it was Patel who led the Satyagraha movement in Nagpur in 1923 against the British law.
  • In 1930, British arrested Sardar Patel during the Salt Satyagraha and put him on trial without witnesses.
  • On the outbreak of World War II (1939), Patel the supported Nehru’s decision to withdraw the Congress from central and provincial legislatures.
  • Patel was at his persuasive best when he spoke at the Gwalia Tank ground (now called August Kranti Maidan) in Mumbai to launch the nation-wide civil disobedience movement in 1942 at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • During Quit India Movement (1942), the British arrested Patel. He was imprisoned with the entire Congress Working Committee from 1942 to 1945 at the fort in Ahmednagar.
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