Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Biography & Contributions To Modern India – Hello Friends Welcome To StudyDhaba.com . Here We are sharing Biography Of Sardar VallabhBhai patel In Full details . You will Get Full Information About Sardar VallabhBhai patel .
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Biography & Contributions To Modern India
Date of Birth: 31 October 1875
Place of Birth: Nadiad, Bombay Presidency (present day Gujarat)
Parents: Zaverbhai Patel (father) and Ladbai (mother)
Children: Maniben Patel, Dahyabhai Patel
Education: N. K. High school, Petlad; Inns of Court, London, England
Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Independence Struggle
Political Ideology: Moderate, Right-wing
Religious Beliefs: Hinduism
Publications: Ideas of a Nation: Vallabhai Patel, The Collected Works of Vallabhbhai Patel, 15 volumes
Passed Away: 15 December 1950
Memorial: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a senior leader of Indian National Congress and a prominent figure in the Indian Freedom Struggle, who later became India’s first Deputy Prime Minister and first Home Minister.
- Sardar Patel’s contribution in integrating 565 princely states into a newly independent India is unforgettable.
Vallabhbhai Patel’s early life
- Vallabhbhai Patel was born in Nadiad, Gujarat, on October 31, 1875
- His birth anniversary is now observed as National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas.
- Patel practised law at Godhra, Borsad, and Anand in Gujarat, after passing the bar examination.
- He earned the reputation of being a fierce and skilled lawyer.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s role in the Indian Freedom Movement
- Patel joined the Congress and became the secretary of the Gujarat Sabha that became a Congress stronghold later.
- On Gandhi’s call, Patel quit his hard-earned job and joined the movement to fight for exemption of taxes in Kheda at the time of plague and famine (1918).
- Patel joined Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement (1920) and travelled around West India to recruit 3,00,000 members. He also collected more than Rs 1.5 million for the party fund.
- There was a British law banning the hoisting of the Indian Flag. When Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned, it was Patel who led the Satyagraha movement in Nagpur in 1923 against the British law.
- In 1930, British arrested Sardar Patel during the Salt Satyagraha and put him on trial without witnesses.
- On the outbreak of World War II (1939), Patel the supported Nehru’s decision to withdraw the Congress from central and provincial legislatures.
- Patel was at his persuasive best when he spoke at the Gwalia Tank ground (now called August Kranti Maidan) in Mumbai to launch the nation-wide civil disobedience movement in 1942 at the behest of Mahatma Gandhi.
- During Quit India Movement (1942), the British arrested Patel. He was imprisoned with the entire Congress Working Committee from 1942 to 1945 at the fort in Ahmednagar.