South Sudan Conflict pdf Download – South Sudan Conflict Issue pdf Download
South Sudan Conflict pdf Download – South Sudan Conflict Issue pdf Download – Hello Friends Welcome to studydhaba.com .Here We are Sharing South Sudan Conflict in Full Details for UPSC
- South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in July 2011, but the hard-won celebration was short-lived. The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, the ruling political party that originally led the way for independence, is now divided and fighting for power.
- The political struggle between President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar led to Machar’s removal from vice presidency and caused eruption of violence between presidential guard soldiers in December 2013 which immediately took on an ethnic character.
- Soldiers from the Dinka ethnic group, one of the two largest ethnic groups in South Sudan, aligned with President Kiir and those from the Nuer ethnic group, the other largest ethnic group, supported Riek Machar.
- In the midst of chaos, President Kiir announced that Machar had attempted a coup and violence spread quickly. Since the outbreak of conflict, armed groups have targeted civilians along ethnic lines, committed rape and sexual violence, destroyed property and looted villages, and recruited children into their ranks.
About South Sudan
- South Sudan is very poor and underdeveloped, and resource scarcity tends to fracture politics and exacerbate ethnic conflict;
- The same forces that helped South Sudan win independence — militias, strongly felt tribal identities — also set it up for today’s conflict;
- More narrowly, the country’s president had fired the vice president, starting a political dispute that may have been the match to South Sudan’s tinderbox.
- President Salva Kiir signed a peace agreement with rebel leader and former Vice President Riek Machar on August 26, 2015, as the first step toward ending the civil war. Machar returned to Juba on April 26, 2016 and was sworn in as Vice President, after spending more than two years outside of the country.
- In February 2016, the U.N. displacement site in Malakal was attacked, killing 25 people and wounding over 120 more. Regions that previously had been relatively safe from clashes have experienced assaults over the past several weeks.
- Recently, violence erupted in Juba from July 8, 2016, just one day before the country’s fifth anniversary of independence. The clashes killed more than 300 people over the course of a few days and could push the young nation back into deep chaos.
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