How to Study International Relations for UPSC Mains Exam 2017 – GS paper II

How to Study International Relations for UPSC Mains Exam 2017 – GS paper II -International relations is an important part of the USPC mains exam. It is part of General Paper II. The GS Paper II syllabus mentions the following:

How to Study International Relations for UPSC Mains Exam 2017 – GS paper II

India’s international relations based on location:

  • India and neighbours (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, China and Nepal)
  • India and various organizations (UN, G20, ASEAN, GCC, IMF, EU, World Bank etc.)
  • India and the different regions (The Americas, Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, Europe, etc.)
  • India and the rich nations (Australia, Japan, USA, etc.)
  • India and the 5 UNSC members (USA, France, China, Russia and UK )

India’s foreign policy during the different phases:

  • Post independence
  • Cold war
  • Non-alignment
  • Wartime with Pakistan and China
  • Fall of the USSR
  • Post 9/11
  • Current events

When you start reading the IR study material, you must begin by reading about:

  • The basic philosophy underlying international relations.
  • Evolution of the foreign policy of India.
  • Major changes in the world in the last few decades and how India has been affected by those changes.
  • Role of India in the major international organizations.

In bilateral relations, you must focus on:

  • India – neighbours
  • India – USA
  • India – Russia
  • India – China

In every relationship, look for the following:

  • Historical relations
  • Economic relations
  • Contemporary issues
  • Areas of confrontation
  • Landmark agreements or movements
  • Way to the future
  • Unique opportunities or challenges
  • Indian diaspora

In the IR portions, you must be able to write analytically. You should also be able to predict the future in some respects. Therefore, it is important that you keep reading newspapers and other magazines focusing on the issues pertaining to foreign policy and relations.

Study material for international relations for IAS exam:

  • Pax Indica – Shashi Tharoor
  • Official Website of the Ministry of External Affairs
  • Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) Website
  • Newspaper editorials on relevant topics
  • Frontline magazine
  • Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India’s Foreign Policy – Rajeev Sikri
  • India’s Foreign Policy: Coping with the Changing World – Muchkund Dubey
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