Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations -The government of India constituted the National Commission on Farmers on November 18, 2004. The NCF was chaired by Professor M.S. Swaminathan. It submitted five reports to the government.

  • The first was submitted in December 2004 and the fifth and final report was submitted on October 4, 2006.
  • The reports had suggestions for “faster and more inclusive growth” for farmers as was envisaged in the Planning Commission’s Approach to 11th Five Year Plan.
  • The fifth report was the most crucial as it contained suggestions for inclusive growth of farmers and agriculture sector.

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC – Main Recommendations

Swaminathan Committee Report UPSC - Main Recommendations

NCF’s Swaminathan Commission Report aimed at

  • Working out a system for food and nutrition security
  • Sustainability in the farming system
  • Enhancing quality and cost competitiveness of farm commodities
  • Also to recommend measures for credit and other marketing related steps.

The main recommendations of the reports were as under

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Areas Details
 Land Reforms  The purpose of this service would be to connect land usage decisions with ecological meteorological and marketing factors.
Irrigation reforms
  • It recommended framing a set of reforms to provide farmers with sustained and equitable access to water for irrigation.
  • Ensuring boost in water supply by rainwater harvesting, water level recharging by mandatory aquifers; Million Wells Recharge programme to be initiated targeted at private wells.
  • To target increase in investment in irrigation sector under 11th five year plan.
Productivity Growth
  • NCF said that with the objective of achieving higher productivity growth
  • It recommended a national network of advanced soil testing labs with an aim to test areas for apt Micro nutrient levels.
Credit and Insurance:
  •  Expand outreach of formal credit system; reduce crop loan interest rates to 4%; provide moratorium on debt recovery; agricultural risk fund;
  • kisan credit cards for women farmers; integrated credit-cum-crop-livestock human health insurance package
  • crop insurance across country for all crops with reduced premiums; sustainable livelihoods for the poor, investment in human development; institutional development services etc
Food Security
  • The commission recommended Implementation of a universal public distribution system;
  • Reorganising delivery of nutrition support programmes on a life-cycle basis with Panchayat participation and that of local bodies
  • Elimination of Micro nutrient deficiency induced hunger and food cum fortification
  • Community food and water banks to be operated by women self-help groups
  • Help small and marginal farmers
  • Formulate national food guarantee act with features as food for work and employment guarantee programmes.
Prevention of Farmer Suicides:
  •  Providing affordable health insurance at primary healthcare centres in villages;
  • National rural health mission to be extended to suicide Hot spots on priority basis;
  • State level farmers’ commissions with representatives of farmers, restructuring of Micro finance policies that may serve as a sort of livelihood finance;
  • Covering all crops by crop insurance;
  • Village to be the assessor and not the block, social security net that gives old age support with health insurance and aquifer recharge and rain water conservation
  • Plans for decentralised water usage etc.

 

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