VEDIC CULTURE Pdf Notes Download For UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,KPSC,MPSC,CAPF,GPSC

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VEDIC CULTURE Pdf Notes Download For UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,KPSC,MPSC,CAPF,GPSC

VEDIC CULTURE Pdf Notes Download For UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,KPSC,MPSC,CAPF,GPSC – Hello Friends welcome to Studydhaba.com .Here We are Sharing Vedic Culture Notes ForAll upcoming Exams .

VEDIC CULTURE Pdf Notes Download For UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,KPSC,MPSC,CAPF,GPSC

Vedic Culture Introduction -VEDIC CULTURE Pdf Notes Download For UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,KPSC

  • After the end of Indus valley civilisation major shift in course of Indian history observed with the development of The Vedic Culture.
  • Around this period, the speakers of Indo-Aryan language, Sanskrit, entered the north-west India from the Indo-Iranian region.
  • As they were mainly a cattle keeping people, they were mainly in search of pastures. By 6th century B.C., they occupied the whole of North India, which was referred to as Aryavarta.

VEDIC CULTURE Pdf Notes Download For UPSC,SSC,TNPSC

Vedic Culture Details 

Vedic Literature

  • The word ‘Veda’ is derived from the root ‘vid’, which means to know the term ‘Veda’ signifies ‘superior knowledge’
  • Vedic literature consists of the four Vedas – Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva.
  • Rig Veda is the earliest of the four Vedas and it consists of 1028 hymns.
  • The hymns were sung in praise of various gods.
  • Yajur Veda consists of various details of rules to be observed at the time of sacrifice
  • Sama Veda is set to tune for the purpose of chanting during sacrifice.
  • It is called the book of chants and the origins of Indian music are traced in it.
  • The Atharva Veda contains details of rituals.
  • Besides the Vedas, there are other sacred works like the Brahmanas, the Upanishads, the Aranyakas and the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata
  • Brahmanas are the treatises relating to prayer and sacrificial ceremony
  • Upanishads are philosophical texts dealing with topic like the soul, the absolute, the origin of the world and the mysteries of nature.
  • Aranyakas are called forest books and they deal with mysticism, rites, rituals and sacrifices

RIG VEDIC AGE OR EARLY VEDIC PERIOD (1500 – 1000 B.C.)

  • During the Rig Vedic period, the Aryans were mostly confined to the Indus region .
  • Rig Veda refers to Sapta sindhu or the land of seven rivers includes the five rivers of Punjab, namely Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej along with the Indus and Saraswati.

POLITICAL ORGANIZATION

  • basic unit of political o RG–kula or family
  • Several families joined together on the basis of their kinship to form a village or grama
  • leader of grama was known as gramani
  • A group of villages constituted a larger unit called visu.
  • It was headed by vishayapati.
  • highest political unit was called jana or tribe.
  • several tribal kingdoms during the Rig Vedic period such as Bharatas, Matsyas, Yadus and Purus.
  • head of the kingdom was called as rajan or king
  • monarchical and the succession was hereditary.
  • king was assisted by purohita or priest and senani or commander of the army in his administration.
  • were two popular bodies called the Sabha and Samiti
  • former seems to have been a council of elders and the latter, a general assembly of the entire people.

SOCIAL LIFE

  • Rig Vedic society was patriarchal.
  • head of the family was known as grahapathi.
  • Monogamy was generally practiced while polygamy was prevalent among the royal and noble families
  • The wife took care of the household and participated in all the major ceremonies.
  • Women were given equal opportunities as men for their spiritual and intellectual development.
  • Apala, Viswavara, Ghosa and Lopamudra are famous Women poets during the Rig Vedic period.
  • Women could even attend the popular assemblies i.e samiti
  • There was no evidence for child marriage and the practice of sati was absent. –
  • Bothmen and women wore upper and lower garments made of cotton and wool
  • Wheat and barley, milk and its products like curd and ghee, vegetables and fruits were the chief articles of food.
  • eating of cow’s meat was prohibited since it was a sacred animal
  • . Chariot racing, horse racing, dicing, music and dance were the favourite pastimes
  • social divisions were not rigid during the Rig Vedic period as it was in the later Vedic period.

ECONOMIC CONDITION

  • pastoral people and their main occupation was cattle rearing.
  • wealth was estimated in terms of their cattle
  • With the knowledge and use of iron they were able to clean forests and bring more lands under cultivation.
  • Carpentry was another important profession and the availability of wood from the forests cleared made the profession profitable
  • Workers in metal made a variety of articles with copper, bronze and iron
  • Spinning was another important occupation and cotton and woolen fabrics were made
  • Goldsmiths were active in making ornaments.
  • The potters made various kinds of vessels for domestic use.
  • Trade was conducted on barter system.
  • rivers served as important means of transport.
  • In the later times, gold coins called nishka were used as media of exchange in large transactions.

RELIGION

  • worshiped the natural forces like earth, fire, wind, rain and thunder.
  • personified these natural forces into many gods and worshipped them
  • important Rig Vedic gods were Prithvi (Earth), Agni (Fire), Vayu (Wind), Varuna (Rain) and Indra (Thunder).
  • Indra was the most popular among them during the early Vedic period
  • Agni who was regarded as an intermediary between the gods and people
  • Varuna was supposed to be the upholder of the natural order.
  • There were also female gods like Aditi and Ushas.
  • were no temples and no idol worship during the early Vedic period
  • Prayers were offered to the gods in the expectation of rewards. Rewards includes Son and Cattles
  • Ghee, milk and grain were given as offerings.

VEDIC CULTURE Pdf Notes Download For UPSC,SSC,TNPSC,KPSC,MPSC,CAPF,GPSC

By |March 20th, 2017|Culture|

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