Vidhan Parishad Advantages Disadvantages – Discuss – GS Paper 2 IAS Mains -Article 169 of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a Vidhan Parishad.

  • The Vidhan Parishad or Legislative Council is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature. As of 2017, seven (7) (out of twenty-nine) states have a Legislative Council.
  • They are elected by local bodies, legislative assembly, governor, graduates, teacher, etc.
  • Odisha, too, is planning to make a legislative council.
  • Members are known as MLC.
  • There is timing of 6 years of vidhan parishad

Vidhan Parishad Advantages Disadvantages - Discuss - GS Paper 2 IAS Mains

List of Vidhan Parishads

  • Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
  • Bihar Legislative Council
  • Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council
  • Karnataka Legislative Council
  • Maharashtra Legislative Council
  • Telangana Legislative Council
  • Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council


  • An Upper House provides a forum for academicians and intellectuals.
  • They are arguably not suited for the nature of electoral politics.
  • In essence, it provides a mechanism for a more serious appraisal of legislation.


  • The forum is likely to be used to accommodate party functionaries who fail to get elected.
  • This may defeat the objective of getting intellectuals into the legislature.
  • Besides, the second chamber is also an unnecessary drain on the exchequer of the state.
  • It is also a restraining force against the dominance of elected majorities in legislative matters.

Arguments in favour

  • There exist larger chances for a single chamber to become rash and one-sided and swayed by emotions or
  • If there are two chambers, the measures passed by one would be scrutinized by the other minutely.
  • Hence the laws enacted finally would be carefully analyzed and thoroughly discussed

Arguments against

  • If a majority of the members in the upper house belong to the same party which holds majority in the lower
    house, the upper house will become a mere ditto chamber.
  • On the other hand, if two different parties are holding sway in the two Houses, the upper house will delay the
    bills for four months unnecessarily.
  • If there was any real benefit, all States in the country should have a second chamber.
  • The fact that there are only seven such Councils suggests the lack of any real advantage

Vidhan Parishad Advantages Disadvantages – Discuss – GS Paper 2 IAS Mains

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