Vidhan Parishad Advantages Disadvantages – Discuss – GS Paper 2 IAS Mains -Article 169 of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a Vidhan Parishad.
- The Vidhan Parishad or Legislative Council is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature. As of 2017, seven (7) (out of twenty-nine) states have a Legislative Council.
- They are elected by local bodies, legislative assembly, governor, graduates, teacher, etc.
- Odisha, too, is planning to make a legislative council.
- Members are known as MLC.
- There is timing of 6 years of vidhan parishad
List of Vidhan Parishads
- Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
- Bihar Legislative Council
- Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council
- Karnataka Legislative Council
- Maharashtra Legislative Council
- Telangana Legislative Council
- Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council
- An Upper House provides a forum for academicians and intellectuals.
- They are arguably not suited for the nature of electoral politics.
- In essence, it provides a mechanism for a more serious appraisal of legislation.
- The forum is likely to be used to accommodate party functionaries who fail to get elected.
- This may defeat the objective of getting intellectuals into the legislature.
- Besides, the second chamber is also an unnecessary drain on the exchequer of the state.
- It is also a restraining force against the dominance of elected majorities in legislative matters.
Arguments in favour
- There exist larger chances for a single chamber to become rash and one-sided and swayed by emotions or
- If there are two chambers, the measures passed by one would be scrutinized by the other minutely.
- Hence the laws enacted finally would be carefully analyzed and thoroughly discussed
- If a majority of the members in the upper house belong to the same party which holds majority in the lower
house, the upper house will become a mere ditto chamber.
- On the other hand, if two different parties are holding sway in the two Houses, the upper house will delay the
bills for four months unnecessarily.
- If there was any real benefit, all States in the country should have a second chamber.
- The fact that there are only seven such Councils suggests the lack of any real advantage
Vidhan Parishad Advantages Disadvantages – Discuss – GS Paper 2 IAS Mains
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