Write a Short Note on Lok Sabha ( House Of the People )
Write a Short Note on Lok Sabha ( House Of the People ) – Hello friends here we are providing you A Short Note On LOK Sabha or We can Say house of people .
In this Post we are Providing you the Some Important Points about Lok Sabha , Its Functions, Power of Lok Sabha and Position of Lok Sabha.
Short Byte – Power Of Lok sabha, functions Of Lok Sabha, Position of Lok Sabha, Speaker of lok sabha, Power Related to Amendments of Constitution, Officers of LOk sabha , Role Of Lok Sabha In Indian Democracy .
- The Lok Sabha is the popular house of the parliament because its members are directly elected by the common electorates of India. All the members of this House are popularly elected, except not more than two from the Anglo-Indian community, who can be nominated by the President .
- In the Constitution, the strength of the Lok Sabha is provisioned under Art. 81 to be not more than 552 (530 from the States, 20 from the Union Territories and 2 may be nominated from the Anglo-Indian community).
- Recently again, the Govt. has extended this freeze in the Lok Sabha seats till the year 2026 by Constitution (84th Amendment Act, 2001).
Special Powers of the Lok Sabha:
- Any type of Bill can be introduced in the Lok Sabha.
- Laws in it can be framed on any subject given on the Union List & the Concurrent List.
- The Rajya sabha can transfer any subject on the State List by passing a resolution in favour of the centre and Lok Sabha can pass a law on the subject.
- Rajya sabha can transfer a subject only in case of national importance.
- After the Bill is passed by the Lok Sabha it is sent to the Rajya sabha & it can delay the Bill at the most for 6 months.
- If the Rajyasabha rejects the Bill & does not take any action over it for a period of six months, a joint session of the two Houses of the Parliament is called & the majority vote decides the fate of the Bill.
- As the number of the members of the Lok Sabha; larger than that of the Rajyasabha so the Lok Sabha can get the Bills passed according to its own wishes
- The Lok Sabha controls the finance of the state.
- A money Bill can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha & not in the Rajyasabha.
- If there is a difference of opinion whether a particular Bill is a money Bill or a non-money Bill, the decision of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha will be final.
- After a money Bill is passed by the Lok Sabha, it is sent to the Rajyasabha.
- The Rajyasabha can delay the passage of a money Bill at the most for 14 days.
- The Rajyasabha may reject the Bill or may not take any action over the Bill for a period of 14 days in both these conditions the Bill will be considered as passed.
- It will be sent to the President & he gives his assent to the Bill.
- The President cannot use his veto power in case of money Bill.
Control over the Executive
- It is the Lok Sabha which controls the Executive.
- The leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha is the Prime Minister of the country.
- Most of the ministers are also taken from the Lok Sabha.
- The Cabinet is responsible Jo the Lok Sabha for all its action & policies.
- The members of the Lok Sabha can criticise the functioning as of the Cabinet.
- If the Lok Sabha passes a vote of no-confidence against the Cabinet, the Cabinet will have to resign.
- The Cabinet remains in office till it is supported by the majority of the members of the House.
- The Lok Sabha can start impeachment proceedings against the President of India.
- It investigates into the charges leveled against the Vice-President and gives the decision.
- It along with the Rajyasabha passes a resolution of the removal of the judges to the High Court & the Supreme Court.
- The Lok Sabha participates in the election of the President.
- It has also the right to participate in election of the Vice-President.
- The Lok Sabha elects a Speaker & a Deputy Speaker from amongst its members.
Amendment in the Constitution
- The resolution for amending the constitution can be introduced in the Lok Sabha.
- In the field it enjoys equal powers with the Rajyasabha.
Position of the Lok Sabha
- Lok Sabha is the lower chamber of the Parliament.
- Almost all its members are elected by the people.
- This chamber is more important than the Rajyasabha because it represents the nation.
- The Lok Sabha controls the ordinary & the money Bills.
- No Bill can be passed against the wishes of the Lok Sabha.
- The Lok Sabha has also control over the Cabinet.
- The Lok Sabha can remove the Cabinet by passing a vote of no-confidence or by rejecting the budget.
- The Lok Sabha is the most powerful influential & an important part of the Parliament.
- In fact, it is the Lok Sabha which exercises all the powers of the Parliament.
Tenure of the Lok Sabha:
- The normal tenure of the Lok Sabha is five years. But the House can be dissolved by the President even before the end of the normal tenure.
- Also, the life of the Lok Sabha can be extended by the parliament beyond the five-year term during the period of national emergency proclaimed under Art. 352.
Qualifications for the membership of Lok Sabha To become a member of the Lok Sabha, the person must:
- be a citizen of India.
- be not less than 25 years of age.
- be a registered voter in any of the Parliamentary constituencies in India.
- should not hold any office of profit
Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha:
- The Speaker is the chief presiding officer of the Lok Sabha.
- The Speaker presides over the meetings of the House and his rulings on the proceedings of the House are final.
- The Speaker and Deputy Speaker may be removed from their offices by a resolution passed by the House by an effective majority of the House after a prior notice of 14 days to them.
- The Speaker, to maintain impartiality of his office, votes only in case of a tie i.e to remove a deadlock and this is known as the Casting Vote.
Special powers of the Speaker
There are certain powers which belong only to the Speaker of Lok Sabha while similar powers are not available to his counterpart in tine upper house, i.e. the Chairman of Rajya Sabha. These are-
- Whether a Bill is Money Bill or not is certified only by the Speaker and his decision in this regard is final and binding.
- The Speaker, or in his absence, the Deputy Speaker, presides over the joint-sittings of the parliament.
- The committees of parliament function essentially under the Speaker and their chairpersons are also appointed or nominated by him.
- If the Speaker is a member of any committee, he is the ex-officio chairman of such a committee.
Special position of the Speaker
The Constitution has given a special position to the office of the Speaker.
- Though he is an elected member of the Lok Sabha, he continues to hold his office even after the dissolution of the
- House till a new Lok Sabha is constituted. This is because he not only presides and conducts the parliamentary proceedings but also acts as the Head of the Lok Sabha Secretariat which continues to function even after the House is dissolved.
- The Speaker presides over the joint sitting of the two Houses of the Parliament
- Speaker certifies a Bill as Money Bill and his decision is final in this regard.
- The Speaker is ex-officio President of Indian Parliamentary Group which in India functions as the national group of Inter-parliament Union.