How to Write Essay in UPSC Exam? 10 Things to keep in mind -The candidates selected after the Civil Services Examination (CSE) Prelims qualify for the CSE Mains and off the 9 papers, there’s one paper in which they have to write a 1000-2000 word long essay on one topic out of 5-6 given topics.

How to Write Essay in UPSC Exam? 10 Things to keep in mind

Its weightage has been increased from 200 to 250 marks and its marks are counted in the final tally. So it is absolutely important to have a strong hold on your general awareness and critical thinking ability.

How to Write Essay in UPSC Exam? 10 Things to keep in mind

Important points to make note of while writing essay IAS:

Topic Selection

It is essential to select a topic you are more comfortable with, as otherwise, you wouldd run out of ideas while writing your essay.


Once you have pinned down a topic, spend a good 30-40 minutes and note down all the ideas and views that comes to your mind.

Arrangement of Ideas

Arrange your ideas in such a way that their logical consistency is maintained. After ordering your points, think of a suitable introduction and conclusion.

Quoting Facts and Figures

Sliding facts and figures in your answers will always be a positive, but do not bluff or make up any statistic as that will be a big negative and can lead to poor scores.

Stick close to subject of the Essay

Don’t go off topic. Stick to the topic. Write down your views and ideas.

Write concisely

Although a candidate has to write an essay of 1000-2000 words, the writing needs to concise and informative.

Exact and Effective Representation

Represent your views in an exact and effective manner. Articulation, effective expression, logic, flow and rhythm are important. Correct grammar and style of writing adds to the overall effectiveness of the message which you want to convey through your essay.

Tone of the Essay

Try and maintain a neutral point of view towards a particular topic and show human concern wherever possible. Do not use provocative lines eg. Panchayati Raj is a waste of taxpayer’s money.


A candidate must be thorough and well verse with his/her general awareness. As topics come from Current Affairs, you need to have in-depth knowledge and background on hot topics in the world.

Revision and Proofreading

After you’ve written your essay, proofreading and revising your essay is absolutely essential.

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